4YBI

Crystal structure of BACE with amino thiazine inhibitor LY2811376


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.84 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.223 
  • R-Value Work: 0.179 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.180 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report



Literature

Robust central reduction of amyloid-beta in humans with an orally available, non-peptidic beta-secretase inhibitor.

May, P.C.Dean, R.A.Lowe, S.L.Martenyi, F.Sheehan, S.M.Boggs, L.N.Monk, S.A.Mathes, B.M.Mergott, D.J.Watson, B.M.Stout, S.L.Timm, D.E.Smith Labell, E.Gonzales, C.R.Nakano, M.Jhee, S.S.Yen, M.Ereshefsky, L.Lindstrom, T.D.Calligaro, D.O.Cocke, P.J.Greg Hall, D.Friedrich, S.Citron, M.Audia, J.E.

(2011) J Neurosci 31: 16507-16516

  • DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3647-11.2011
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4YBI

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • According to the amyloid cascade hypothesis, cerebral deposition of amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) is critical for Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis. Aβ generation is initiated when β-secretase (BACE1) cleaves the amyloid precursor protein. For more than ...

    According to the amyloid cascade hypothesis, cerebral deposition of amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) is critical for Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis. Aβ generation is initiated when β-secretase (BACE1) cleaves the amyloid precursor protein. For more than a decade, BACE1 has been a prime target for designing drugs to prevent or treat AD. However, development of such agents has turned out to be extremely challenging, with major hurdles in cell penetration, oral bioavailability/metabolic clearance, and brain access. Using a fragment-based chemistry strategy, we have generated LY2811376 [(S)-4-(2,4-difluoro-5-pyrimidin-5-yl-phenyl)-4-methyl-5,6-dihydro-4H-[1,3]thiazin-2-ylamine], the first orally available non-peptidic BACE1 inhibitor that produces profound Aβ-lowering effects in animals. The biomarker changes obtained in preclinical animal models translate into man at doses of LY2811376 that were safe and well tolerated in healthy volunteers. Prominent and long-lasting Aβ reductions in lumbar CSF were measured after oral dosing of 30 or 90 mg of LY2811376. This represents the first translation of BACE1-driven biomarker changes in CNS from preclinical animal models to man. Because of toxicology findings identified in longer-term preclinical studies, this compound is no longer progressing in clinical development. However, BACE1 remains a viable target because the adverse effects reported here were recapitulated in LY2811376-treated BACE1 KO mice and thus are unrelated to BACE1 inhibition. The magnitude and duration of central Aβ reduction obtainable with BACE1 inhibition positions this protease as a tractable small-molecule target through which to test the amyloid hypothesis in man.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Lilly Research Laboratories, Eli Lilly & Co., Indianapolis, Indiana 46285, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Beta-secretase 1AB442Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: BACE1BACEKIAA1149
EC: 3.4.23.46
Find proteins for P56817 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P56817 
Go to UniProtKB:  P56817
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P56817
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
4B2
Query on 4B2

Download CCD File 
A, B
(4S)-4-[2,4-difluoro-5-(pyrimidin-5-yl)phenyl]-4-methyl-5,6-dihydro-4H-1,3-thiazin-2-amine
C15 H14 F2 N4 S
MJQMRGWYPNIERM-HNNXBMFYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download CCD File 
A, B
GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
4B2IC50:  300   nM  BindingDB
4B2IC50:  620   nM  BindingDB
4B2IC50:  270   nM  BindingDB
4B2IC50:  173   nM  BindingDB
4B2IC50:  239   nM  Binding MOAD
4B2EC50:  300   nM  BindingDB
4B2IC50:  239   nM  BindingDB
4B2IC50:  240   nM  BindingDB
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.84 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.223 
  • R-Value Work: 0.179 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.180 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 86.768α = 90
b = 90.786β = 90
c = 131.753γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
REFMACphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2015-02-18 
  • Released Date: 2015-04-01 
  • Deposition Author(s): Timm, D.E.

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2015-04-01
    Type: Initial release