4X9Z

Dimeric conotoxin alphaD-GeXXA


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.223 
  • R-Value Work: 0.177 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.0 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Conotoxin alpha D-GeXXA utilizes a novel strategy to antagonize nicotinic acetylcholine receptors

Xu, S.Zhang, T.Kompella, S.N.Yan, M.Lu, A.Wang, Y.Shao, X.Chi, C.Adams, D.J.Ding, J.Wang, C.

(2015) Sci Rep 5: 14261-14261

  • DOI: 10.1038/srep14261

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) play essential roles in transmitting acetylcholine-mediated neural signals across synapses and neuromuscular junctions, and are also closely linked to various diseases and clinical conditions. Therefore, nov ...

    Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) play essential roles in transmitting acetylcholine-mediated neural signals across synapses and neuromuscular junctions, and are also closely linked to various diseases and clinical conditions. Therefore, novel nAChR-specific compounds have great potential for both neuroscience research and clinical applications. Conotoxins, the peptide neurotoxins produced by cone snails, are a rich reservoir of novel ligands that target receptors, ion channels and transporters in the nervous system. From the venom of Conus generalis, we identified a novel dimeric nAChR-inhibiting αD-conotoxin GeXXA. By solving the crystal structure and performing structure-guided dissection of this toxin, we demonstrated that the monomeric C-terminal domain of αD-GeXXA, GeXXA-CTD, retains inhibitory activity against the α9α10 nAChR subtype. Furthermore, we identified that His7 of the rat α10 nAChR subunit determines the species preference of αD-GeXXA, and is probably part of the binding site of this toxin. These results together suggest that αD-GeXXA cooperatively binds to two inter-subunit interfaces on the top surface of nAChR, thus allosterically disturbing the opening of the receptor. The novel antagonistic mechanism of αD-GeXXA via a new binding site on nAChRs provides a valuable basis for the rational design of new nAChR-targeting compounds.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institute of Protein Research, Tongji University, 1239 Siping Road, Shanghai 200092, China.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
alphaD-conotoxin GeXXA from the venom of Conus generalis
A, B
50Conus generalisMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for A0A0A0VBX4 (Conus generalis)
Go to UniProtKB:  A0A0A0VBX4
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.223 
  • R-Value Work: 0.177 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 25.436α = 90.00
b = 42.423β = 90.00
c = 83.013γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data scaling
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
ACORNphasing
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2015-12-02
    Type: Initial release