4X67

Crystal structure of elongating yeast RNA polymerase II stalled at oxidative Cyclopurine DNA lesions.


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 4.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.289 
  • R-Value Work: 0.242 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.245 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.5 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Mechanism of RNA polymerase II bypass of oxidative cyclopurine DNA lesions.

Walmacq, C.Wang, L.Chong, J.Scibelli, K.Lubkowska, L.Gnatt, A.Brooks, P.J.Wang, D.Kashlev, M.

(2015) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 112: E410-E419

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1415186112
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • In human cells, the oxidative DNA lesion 8,5'-cyclo-2'-deoxyadenosine (CydA) induces prolonged stalling of RNA polymerase II (Pol II) followed by transcriptional bypass, generating both error-free and mutant transcripts with AMP misincorporated immed ...

    In human cells, the oxidative DNA lesion 8,5'-cyclo-2'-deoxyadenosine (CydA) induces prolonged stalling of RNA polymerase II (Pol II) followed by transcriptional bypass, generating both error-free and mutant transcripts with AMP misincorporated immediately downstream from the lesion. Here, we present biochemical and crystallographic evidence for the mechanism of CydA recognition. Pol II stalling results from impaired loading of the template base (5') next to CydA into the active site, leading to preferential AMP misincorporation. Such predominant AMP insertion, which also occurs at an abasic site, is unaffected by the identity of the 5'-templating base, indicating that it derives from nontemplated synthesis according to an A rule known for DNA polymerases and recently identified for Pol II bypass of pyrimidine dimers. Subsequent to AMP misincorporation, Pol II encounters a major translocation block that is slowly overcome. Thus, the translocation block combined with the poor extension of the dA.rA mispair reduce transcriptional mutagenesis. Moreover, increasing the active-site flexibility by mutation in the trigger loop, which increases the ability of Pol II to accommodate the bulky lesion, and addition of transacting factor TFIIF facilitate CydA bypass. Thus, blocking lesion entry to the active site, translesion A rule synthesis, and translocation block are common features of transcription across different bulky DNA lesions.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, MD 21702; dongwang@ucsd.edu kashlevm@mail.nih.gov.



Macromolecules

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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerase II subunit RPB3C318Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288CMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: RPB3YIL021W
Find proteins for P16370 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
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  • Reference Sequence

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Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerases I, II, and III subunit RPABC1E215Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288CMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: RPB5RPA7RPC9YBR154CYBR1204
Find proteins for P20434 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
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Entity ID: 7
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerase II subunit RPB9I122Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288CMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: RPB9YGL070C
Find proteins for P27999 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
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Entity ID: 9
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerase II subunit RPB11K120Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288CMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: RPB11YOL005C
Find proteins for P38902 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerase II subunit RPB1A1733Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288CMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: RPO21RPB1RPB220SUA8YDL140CD2150
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for P04050 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
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Entity ID: 10
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerases I, II, and III subunit RPABC4L70Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288CMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: RPC10RPB12YHR143W-AYHR143BW
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerase II subunit RPB2B1224Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288CMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: RPB2RPB150RPO22YOR151C
EC: 2.7.7.6
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Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerases I, II, and III subunit RPABC2F155Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288CMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: RPO26RPB6YPR187WP9677.8
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Entity ID: 6
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerases I, II, and III subunit RPABC3H146Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288CMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: RPB8YOR224CYOR50-14
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Entity ID: 8
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerases I, II, and III subunit RPABC5J70Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288CMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: RPB10YOR210W
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  • Reference Sequence

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Entity ID: 12
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
Template DNA _29 merT29synthetic construct
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Entity ID: 11
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
RNA_9 merR9synthetic construct
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ZN
Query on ZN

Download CCD File 
A, B, C, I, J, L
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 4.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.289 
  • R-Value Work: 0.242 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.245 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 167.146α = 90
b = 220.798β = 100.25
c = 193.919γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIH/NIGMS)United StatesGM085136 and GM102362
Sidney Kimmel Foundation for Cancer ResearchUnited StatesThe Kimmel Scholar Award
Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, UCSDUnited Statesstart-up funds

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2015-02-04
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2015-02-11
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2016-04-06
    Changes: Other
  • Version 1.3: 2017-09-20
    Changes: Author supporting evidence, Derived calculations, Refinement description
  • Version 1.4: 2017-10-04
    Changes: Author supporting evidence
  • Version 1.5: 2019-12-25
    Changes: Author supporting evidence