The first crystal structure of human RNase 6 reveals a novel substrate-binding and cleavage site arrangement.Prats-Ejarque, G., Arranz-Trullen, J., Blanco, J.A., Pulido, D., Nogues, M.V., Moussaoui, M., Boix, E.
(2016) Biochem.J. 473: 1523-1536
- PubMed: 27013146
- DOI: 10.1042/BCJ20160245
- Also Cited By: 6ENP, 5OAB
- PubMed Abstract:
- The flexible and clustered lysine residues of human ribonuclease 7 are critical for membrane permeability and antimicrobial activity.
Huang, Y.C.,Lin, Y.M.,Chang, T.W.,Wu, S.J.,Lee, Y.S.,Chang, M.D.,Chen, C.,Wu, S.H.,Liao, Y.D.
(2007) J. Biol. Chem. 282: 4626
Human RNase 6 is a cationic secreted protein that belongs to the RNase A superfamily. Its expression is induced in neutrophils and monocytes upon bacterial infection, suggesting a role in host defence. We present here the crystal structure of RNase 6 ...
Human RNase 6 is a cationic secreted protein that belongs to the RNase A superfamily. Its expression is induced in neutrophils and monocytes upon bacterial infection, suggesting a role in host defence. We present here the crystal structure of RNase 6 obtained at 1.72 Å (1 Å=0.1 nm) resolution, which is the first report for the protein 3D structure and thereby setting the basis for functional studies. The structure shows an overall kidney-shaped globular fold shared with the other known family members. Three sulfate anions bound to RNase 6 were found, interacting with residues at the main active site (His(15), His(122) and Gln(14)) and cationic surface-exposed residues (His(36), His(39), Arg(66) and His(67)). Kinetic characterization, together with prediction of protein-nucleotide complexes by molecular dynamics, was applied to analyse the RNase 6 substrate nitrogenous base and phosphate selectivity. Our results reveal that, although RNase 6 is a moderate catalyst in comparison with the pancreatic RNase type, its structure includes lineage-specific features that facilitate its activity towards polymeric nucleotide substrates. In particular, enzyme interactions at the substrate 5' end can provide an endonuclease-type cleavage pattern. Interestingly, the RNase 6 crystal structure revealed a novel secondary active site conformed by the His(36)-His(39) dyad that facilitates the polynucleotide substrate catalysis.
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biosciences, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, E-08193 Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain.