4WZY

Structure of mycobacterial maltokinase, the missing link in the essential GlgE-pathway (ATP complex)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.71 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.205 
  • R-Value Work: 0.177 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.0 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structure of mycobacterial maltokinase, the missing link in the essential GlgE-pathway.

Fraga, J.Maranha, A.Mendes, V.Pereira, P.J.Empadinhas, N.Macedo-Ribeiro, S.

(2015) Sci Rep 5: 8026-8026

  • DOI: 10.1038/srep08026
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • A novel four-step pathway identified recently in mycobacteria channels trehalose to glycogen synthesis and is also likely involved in the biosynthesis of two other crucial polymers: intracellular methylglucose lipopolysaccharides and exposed capsular ...

    A novel four-step pathway identified recently in mycobacteria channels trehalose to glycogen synthesis and is also likely involved in the biosynthesis of two other crucial polymers: intracellular methylglucose lipopolysaccharides and exposed capsular glucan. The structures of three of the intervening enzymes - GlgB, GlgE, and TreS - were recently reported, providing the first templates for rational drug design. Here we describe the structural characterization of the fourth enzyme of the pathway, mycobacterial maltokinase (Mak), uncovering a eukaryotic-like kinase (ELK) fold, similar to methylthioribose kinases and aminoglycoside phosphotransferases. The 1.15 Å structure of Mak in complex with a non-hydrolysable ATP analog reveals subtle structural rearrangements upon nucleotide binding in the cleft between the N- and the C-terminal lobes. Remarkably, this new family of ELKs has a novel N-terminal domain topologically resembling the cystatin family of protease inhibitors. By interfacing with and restraining the mobility of the phosphate-binding region of the N-terminal lobe, Mak's unusual N-terminal domain might regulate its phosphotransfer activity and represents the most likely anchoring point for TreS, the upstream enzyme in the pathway. By completing the gallery of atomic-detail models of an essential pathway, this structure opens new avenues for the rational design of alternative anti-tubercular compounds.


    Organizational Affiliation

    IBMC - Instituto de Biologia Molecular e Celular, Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Maltokinase
A
454Mycobacterium vanbaalenii (strain DSM 7251 / PYR-1)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: mak
EC: 2.7.1.175
Find proteins for A1TH50 (Mycobacterium vanbaalenii (strain DSM 7251 / PYR-1))
Go to UniProtKB:  A1TH50
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ATP
Query on ATP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
ADENOSINE-5'-TRIPHOSPHATE
C10 H16 N5 O13 P3
ZKHQWZAMYRWXGA-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.71 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.205 
  • R-Value Work: 0.177 
  • Space Group: P 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 62.991α = 90.00
b = 73.767β = 90.00
c = 107.426γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHASERphasing
XDSdata reduction
PHENIXrefinement
XSCALEdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2015-02-11
    Type: Initial release