4WSE

Crystal structure of the Mimivirus polyadenylate synthase


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.84 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.268 
  • R-Value Work: 0.227 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

mRNA maturation in giant viruses: variation on a theme.

Priet, S.Lartigue, A.Debart, F.Claverie, J.M.Abergel, C.

(2015) Nucleic Acids Res. 43: 3776-3788

  • DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkv224
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Giant viruses from the Mimiviridae family replicate entirely in their host cytoplasm where their genes are transcribed by a viral transcription apparatus. mRNA polyadenylation uniquely occurs at hairpin-forming palindromic sequences terminating viral ...

    Giant viruses from the Mimiviridae family replicate entirely in their host cytoplasm where their genes are transcribed by a viral transcription apparatus. mRNA polyadenylation uniquely occurs at hairpin-forming palindromic sequences terminating viral transcripts. Here we show that a conserved gene cluster both encode the enzyme responsible for the hairpin cleavage and the viral polyA polymerases (vPAP). Unexpectedly, the vPAPs are homodimeric and uniquely self-processive. The vPAP backbone structures exhibit a symmetrical architecture with two subdomains sharing a nucleotidyltransferase topology, suggesting that vPAPs originate from an ancestral duplication. A Poxvirus processivity factor homologue encoded by Megavirus chilensis displays a conserved 5'-GpppA 2'O methyltransferase activity but is also able to internally methylate the mRNAs' polyA tails. These findings elucidate how the arm wrestling between hosts and their viruses to access the translation machinery is taking place in Mimiviridae.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Architecture et Fonction des Macromolécules Biologiques, CNRS UMR 7257, Aix-Marseille Université, 163 Avenue de Luminy, Case 932, 13288 Marseille cedex 9, France.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Putative poly(A) polymerase catalytic subunit
A, B
584Acanthamoeba polyphaga mimivirusMutation(s): 0 
EC: 2.7.7.19
Find proteins for Q5UQS6 (Acanthamoeba polyphaga mimivirus)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5UQS6
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.84 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.268 
  • R-Value Work: 0.227 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 200.030α = 90.00
b = 69.650β = 105.75
c = 97.490γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
BUSTER-TNTrefinement
XDSdata reduction
PHASERphasing
Aimlessdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2015-04-01
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2015-04-29
    Type: Database references