4UQV

methanococcus jannaschii serine hydroxymethyl-transferase in complex with PLP


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.243 
  • R-Value Work: 0.198 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.202 

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This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

The Crystal Structure of Archaeal Serine Hydroxymethyltransferase Reveals Idiosyncratic Features Likely Required to Withstand High Temperatures.

Angelucci, F.Morea, V.Angelaccio, S.Saccoccia, F.Contestabile, R.Ilari, A.

(2014) Proteins 82: 3437

  • DOI: 10.1002/prot.24697
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4BHD, 4UQV

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Serine hydroxymethyltransferases (SHMTs) play an essential role in one-carbon unit metabolism and are used in biomimetic reactions. We determined the crystal structure of free (apo) and pyridoxal-5'-phosphate-bound (holo) SHMT from Methanocaldococcus jannaschii, the first from a hyperthermophile, from the archaea domain of life and that uses H₄MPT as a cofactor, at 2 ...

    Serine hydroxymethyltransferases (SHMTs) play an essential role in one-carbon unit metabolism and are used in biomimetic reactions. We determined the crystal structure of free (apo) and pyridoxal-5'-phosphate-bound (holo) SHMT from Methanocaldococcus jannaschii, the first from a hyperthermophile, from the archaea domain of life and that uses H₄MPT as a cofactor, at 2.83 and 3.0 Å resolution, respectively. Idiosyncratic features were observed that are likely to contribute to structure stabilization. At the dimer interface, the C-terminal region folds in a unique fashion with respect to SHMTs from eubacteria and eukarya. At the active site, the conserved tyrosine does not make a cation-π interaction with an arginine like that observed in all other SHMT structures, but establishes an amide-aromatic interaction with Asn257, at a different sequence position. This asparagine residue is conserved and occurs almost exclusively in (hyper)thermophile SHMTs. This led us to formulate the hypothesis that removal of frustrated interactions (such as the Arg-Tyr cation-π interaction occurring in mesophile SHMTs) is an additional strategy of adaptation to high temperature. Both peculiar features may be tested by designing enzyme variants potentially endowed with improved stability for applications in biomimetic processes.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences, University of L'Aquila, P.le Salvatore Tommasi 1, L'Aquila, Italy.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
SERINE HYDROXYMETHYLTRANSFERASE
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L
429Methanocaldococcus jannaschiiMutation(s): 0 
EC: 2.1.2 (PDB Primary Data), 4.1.2.49 (PDB Primary Data)
UniProt
Find proteins for Q58992 (Methanocaldococcus jannaschii (strain ATCC 43067 / DSM 2661 / JAL-1 / JCM 10045 / NBRC 100440))
Explore Q58992 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q58992
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupQ58992
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.243 
  • R-Value Work: 0.198 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.202 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 123.13α = 90
b = 47.16β = 90.02
c = 344.079γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
XDSdata reduction
XDSdata scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2014-07-30
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-10-22
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2014-12-03
    Changes: Database references