Crystal Structure of Beta1-6-Galactosidase from Bifidobacterium Bifidum S17: Trimeric Architecture, Molecular Determinants of the Enzymatic Activity and its Inhibition by Alpha-Galactose.Godoy, A.S., Camilo, C.M., Kadowaki, M.A., Muniz, H.D., Santo, M.E., Murakami, M.T., Nascimento, A.S., Polikarpov, I.
(2016) FEBS J. 283: 4097
- PubMed: 27685756
- DOI: 10.1111/febs.13908
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
In a search for better comprehension of β-galactosidase function and specificity, we solved the crystal structures of the GH42 β-galactosidase BbgII from Bifidobacterium bifidum S17, a well-adapted probiotic microorganism from the human digestive tra ...
In a search for better comprehension of β-galactosidase function and specificity, we solved the crystal structures of the GH42 β-galactosidase BbgII from Bifidobacterium bifidum S17, a well-adapted probiotic microorganism from the human digestive tract, and its complex with d-α-galactose. BbgII is a three-domain molecule that forms barrel-shaped trimers in solution. BbgII interactions with d-α-galactose, a competitive inhibitor, showed a number of residues that are involved in the coordination of ligands. A combination of site-directed mutagenesis of these amino acid residues with enzymatic activity measurements confirmed that Glu161 and Glu320 are fundamental for catalysis and their substitution by alanines led to catalytically inactive mutants. Mutation Asn160Ala resulted in a two orders of magnitude decrease of the enzyme kcat without significant modification in its Km , whereas mutations Tyr289Phe and His371Phe simultaneously decreased kcat and increased Km values. Enzymatic activity of Glu368Ala mutant was too low to be detected. Our docking and molecular dynamics simulations showed that the enzyme recognizes and tightly binds substrates with β1→6 and β1→3 bonds, while binding of the substrates with β1→4 linkages is less favorable.
Departamento de Física em São Carlos, Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil.