4U19

Crystal structure of human peroxisomal delta3,delta2, enoyl-CoA isomerase V349A mutant (ISOA-ECI2)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.88 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.234 
  • R-Value Work: 0.184 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.186 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Human Delta (3) , Delta (2) -enoyl-CoA isomerase, type 2: a structural enzymology study on the catalytic role of its ACBP domain and helix-10.

Onwukwe, G.U.Kursula, P.Koski, M.K.Schmitz, W.Wierenga, R.K.

(2015) FEBS J 282: 746-768

  • DOI: 10.1111/febs.13179
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4U1A, 4U18, 4U19

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The catalytic domain of the trimeric human Δ(3),Δ(2)-enoyl-CoA isomerase, type 2 (HsECI2), has the typical crotonase fold. In the active site of this fold two main chain NH groups form an oxyanion hole for binding the thioester oxygen of the 3E- or 3Z-enoyl-CoA substrate molecules ...

    The catalytic domain of the trimeric human Δ(3),Δ(2)-enoyl-CoA isomerase, type 2 (HsECI2), has the typical crotonase fold. In the active site of this fold two main chain NH groups form an oxyanion hole for binding the thioester oxygen of the 3E- or 3Z-enoyl-CoA substrate molecules. A catalytic glutamate is essential for the proton transfer between the substrate C2 and C4 atoms for forming the product 2E-enoyl-CoA, which is a key intermediate in the β-oxidation pathway. The active site is covered by the C-terminal helix-10. In HsECI2, the isomerase domain is extended at its N terminus by an acyl-CoA binding protein (ACBP) domain. Small angle X-ray scattering analysis of HsECI2 shows that the ACBP domain protrudes out of the central isomerase trimer. X-ray crystallography of the isomerase domain trimer identifies the active site geometry. A tunnel, shaped by loop-2 and extending from the catalytic site to bulk solvent, suggests a likely mode of binding of the fatty acyl chains. Calorimetry data show that the separately expressed ACBP and isomerase domains bind tightly to fatty acyl-CoA molecules. The truncated isomerase variant (without ACBP domain) has significant enoyl-CoA isomerase activity; however, the full-length isomerase is more efficient. Structural enzymological studies of helix-10 variants show the importance of this helix for efficient catalysis. Its hydrophobic side chains, together with residues from loop-2 and loop-4, complete a hydrophobic cluster that covers the active site, thereby fixing the thioester moiety in a mode of binding competent for efficient catalysis.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Biocenter Oulu and Faculty of Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine, University of Oulu, Finland.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Enoyl-CoA delta isomerase 2A, B, C276Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: ECI2DRS1HCA88PECI
EC: 5.3.3.8
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for O75521 (Homo sapiens)
Explore O75521 
Go to UniProtKB:  O75521
PHAROS:  O75521
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
EDO
Query on EDO

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
F [auth B]1,2-ETHANEDIOL
C2 H6 O2
LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D [auth A], E [auth B], G [auth C]CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.88 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.234 
  • R-Value Work: 0.184 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.186 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 47.609α = 90
b = 123.69β = 90
c = 128.933γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
Biostruct-XGermanyN283570

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2014-12-24
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-12-31
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2015-01-14
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2015-02-25
    Changes: Database references