4TWJ

The structure of Sir2Af2 bound to a myristoylated histone peptide


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.65 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.205 
  • R-Value Work: 0.180 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Alternate deacylating specificities of the archaeal sirtuins Sir2Af1 and Sir2Af2.

Ringel, A.E.Roman, C.Wolberger, C.

(2014) Protein Sci. 23: 1686-1697

  • DOI: 10.1002/pro.2546
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Sirtuins were originally shown to regulate a wide array of biological processes such as transcription, genomic stability, and metabolism by catalyzing the NAD(+) -dependent deacetylation of lysine residues. Recent proteomic studies have revealed a mu ...

    Sirtuins were originally shown to regulate a wide array of biological processes such as transcription, genomic stability, and metabolism by catalyzing the NAD(+) -dependent deacetylation of lysine residues. Recent proteomic studies have revealed a much wider array of lysine acyl modifications in vivo than was previously known, which has prompted a reevaluation of sirtuin substrate specificity. Several sirtuins have now been shown to preferentially remove propionyl, succinyl, and long-chain fatty acyl groups from lysines, which has changed our understanding of sirtuin biology. In light of these developments, we revisited the acyl specificity of several well-studied archaeal and bacterial sirtuins. We find that the Archaeoglobus fulgidus sirtuins, Sir2Af1 and Sir2Af2, preferentially remove succinyl and myristoyl groups, respectively. Crystal structures of Sir2Af1 bound to a succinylated peptide and Sir2Af2 bound to a myristoylated peptide show how the active site of each enzyme accommodates a noncanonical acyl chain. As compared to its structure in complex with an acetylated peptide, Sir2Af2 undergoes a conformational change that expands the active site to accommodate the myristoyl group. These findings point to both structural and biochemical plasticity in sirtuin active sites and provide further evidence that sirtuins from all three domains of life catalyze noncanonical deacylation.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biophysics and Biophysical Chemistry, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, 21205-2185.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
NAD-dependent protein deacylase 2
A
253Archaeoglobus fulgidus (strain ATCC 49558 / VC-16 / DSM 4304 / JCM 9628 / NBRC 100126)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: cobB2 (Sir2Af2)
EC: 3.5.1.-
Find proteins for O30124 (Archaeoglobus fulgidus (strain ATCC 49558 / VC-16 / DSM 4304 / JCM 9628 / NBRC 100126))
Go to UniProtKB:  O30124
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Histone H4 peptide
B
14Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HHF1, HHF2
Find proteins for P02309 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P02309
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ZN
Query on ZN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ACT
Query on ACT

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Download CCD File 
A
ACETATE ION
C2 H3 O2
QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

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Download CCD File 
A, B
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
MYK
Query on MYK
B
L-peptide linkingC20 H40 N2 O3LYS
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.65 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.205 
  • R-Value Work: 0.180 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 38.478α = 90.00
b = 77.251β = 110.74
c = 45.904γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Science Foundation (United States)United StatesMCB-0920082

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2014-12-03
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-09-13
    Type: Author supporting evidence, Database references, Derived calculations, Other, Source and taxonomy