Racemic and Quasi-Racemic X-ray Structures of Cyclic Disulfide-Rich Peptide Drug Scaffolds.Wang, C.K., King, G.J., Northfield, S.E., Ojeda, P.G., Craik, D.J.
(2014) Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 53: 11236-11241
- PubMed: 25168664
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.201406563
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
4TTK, 4TTL, 4TTM, 4TTN, 4TTO
- PubMed Abstract:
Cyclic disulfide-rich peptides have exceptional stability and are promising frameworks for drug design. We were interested in obtaining X-ray structures of these peptides to assist in drug design applications, but disulfide-rich peptides can be notoriously difficult to crystallize. To overcome this limitation, we chemically synthesized the L- and D-forms of three prototypic cyclic disulfide-rich peptides: SFTI-1 (14-mer with one disulfide bond), cVc1.1 (22-mer with two disulfide bonds), and kB1 (29-mer with three disulfide bonds) for racemic crystallization studies. Facile crystal formation occurred from a racemic mixture of each peptide, giving structures solved at resolutions from 1.25 Å to 1.9 Å. Additionally, we obtained the quasi-racemic structures of two mutants of kB1, [G6A]kB1, and [V25A]kB1, which were solved at a resolution of 1.25 Å and 2.3 Å, respectively. The racemic crystallography approach appears to have broad utility in the structural biology of cyclic peptides.
Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Qld, 4072 (Australia).