4RBM

Porphyromonas gingivalis gingipain K (Kgp) catalytic and immunoglobulin superfamily-like domains


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.75 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.172 
  • R-Value Work: 0.149 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structure and Mechanism of Cysteine Peptidase Gingipain K (Kgp), a Major Virulence Factor of Porphyromonas gingivalis in Periodontitis.

de Diego, I.Veillard, F.Sztukowska, M.N.Guevara, T.Potempa, B.Pomowski, A.Huntington, J.A.Potempa, J.Gomis-Ruth, F.X.

(2014) J.Biol.Chem. 289: 32291-32302

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M114.602052
  • Also Cited By: 6I9A

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Cysteine peptidases are key proteolytic virulence factors of the periodontopathogen Porphyromonas gingivalis, which causes chronic periodontitis, the most prevalent dysbiosis-driven disease in humans. Two peptidases, gingipain K (Kgp) and R (RgpA and ...

    Cysteine peptidases are key proteolytic virulence factors of the periodontopathogen Porphyromonas gingivalis, which causes chronic periodontitis, the most prevalent dysbiosis-driven disease in humans. Two peptidases, gingipain K (Kgp) and R (RgpA and RgpB), which differ in their selectivity after lysines and arginines, respectively, collectively account for 85% of the extracellular proteolytic activity of P. gingivalis at the site of infection. Therefore, they are promising targets for the design of specific inhibitors. Although the structure of the catalytic domain of RgpB is known, little is known about Kgp, which shares only 27% sequence identity. We report the high resolution crystal structure of a competent fragment of Kgp encompassing the catalytic cysteine peptidase domain and a downstream immunoglobulin superfamily-like domain, which is required for folding and secretion of Kgp in vivo. The structure, which strikingly resembles a tooth, was serendipitously trapped with a fragment of a covalent inhibitor targeting the catalytic cysteine. This provided accurate insight into the active site and suggested that catalysis may require a catalytic triad, Cys(477)-His(444)-Asp(388), rather than the cysteine-histidine dyad normally found in cysteine peptidases. In addition, a 20-Å-long solvent-filled interior channel traverses the molecule and links the bottom of the specificity pocket with the molecular surface opposite the active site cleft. This channel, absent in RgpB, may enhance the plasticity of the enzyme, which would explain the much lower activity in vitro toward comparable specific synthetic substrates. Overall, the present results report the architecture and molecular determinants of the working mechanism of Kgp, including interaction with its substrates.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Oral Immunology and Infectious Disease, University of Louisville School of Dentistry, Louisville, Kentucky 40202.,From the Proteolysis Lab, Molecular Biology Institute of Barcelona, Spanish Research Council (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas), Barcelona Science Park, Helix Building, Baldiri Reixac 15-21, 08028 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, fxgr@ibmb.csic.es.,Department of Haematology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge Institute for Medical Research, Wellcome Trust/Medical Research Council Building, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 0XY, United Kingdom.,Oral Immunology and Infectious Disease, University of Louisville School of Dentistry, Louisville, Kentucky 40202, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biochemistry, Biophysics and Biotechnology, Jagiellonian University, Gronostajowa 7, 30-387 Kraków, Poland, and jspote01@louisville.edu.,From the Proteolysis Lab, Molecular Biology Institute of Barcelona, Spanish Research Council (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas), Barcelona Science Park, Helix Building, Baldiri Reixac 15-21, 08028 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Lys-gingipain W83
A
461Porphyromonas gingivalisMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: kgp (prtK, prtP)
EC: 3.4.22.47
Find proteins for Q51817 (Porphyromonas gingivalis)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q51817
Small Molecules
Ligands 8 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NA
Query on NA

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A
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ACT
Query on ACT

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A
ACETATE ION
C2 H3 O2
QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

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A
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

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A
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
AZI
Query on AZI

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A
AZIDE ION
N3
IVRMZWNICZWHMI-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
HIS
Query on HIS

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A
HISTIDINE
C6 H10 N3 O2
HNDVDQJCIGZPNO-YFKPBYRVSA-O
 Ligand Interaction
CKC
Query on CKC

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A
(3S)-3,7-diaminoheptan-2-one
C7 H16 N2 O
FADKJNSSIWTVAI-ZETCQYMHSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NI
Query on NI

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A
NICKEL (II) ION
Ni
VEQPNABPJHWNSG-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.75 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.172 
  • R-Value Work: 0.149 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 56.640α = 90.00
b = 58.810β = 90.00
c = 135.500γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
ADSCdata collection
XDSdata scaling
XDSdata reduction
BUSTERrefinement
XSCALEdata scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2014-10-08
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-10-15
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2014-12-10
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2017-11-22
    Type: Refinement description