4QKT

Azurin mutant M121EM44K with copper


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.64 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.216 
  • R-Value Work: 0.181 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.183 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Redesigning the Blue Copper Azurin into a Redox-Active Mononuclear Nonheme Iron Protein: Preparation and Study of Fe(II)-M121E Azurin.

Liu, J.Meier, K.K.Tian, S.Zhang, J.L.Guo, H.Schulz, C.E.Robinson, H.Nilges, M.J.Munck, E.Lu, Y.

(2014) J Am Chem Soc 136: 12337-12344

  • DOI: 10.1021/ja505410u
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4QKT, 4QLW

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Much progress has been made in designing heme and dinuclear nonheme iron enzymes. In contrast, engineering mononuclear nonheme iron enzymes is lagging, even though these enzymes belong to a large class that catalyzes quite diverse reactions. Herein we report spectroscopic and X-ray crystallographic studies of Fe(II)-M121E azurin (Az), by replacing the axial Met121 and Cu(II) in wild-type azurin (wtAz) with Glu and Fe(II), respectively ...

    Much progress has been made in designing heme and dinuclear nonheme iron enzymes. In contrast, engineering mononuclear nonheme iron enzymes is lagging, even though these enzymes belong to a large class that catalyzes quite diverse reactions. Herein we report spectroscopic and X-ray crystallographic studies of Fe(II)-M121E azurin (Az), by replacing the axial Met121 and Cu(II) in wild-type azurin (wtAz) with Glu and Fe(II), respectively. In contrast to the redox inactive Fe(II)-wtAz, the Fe(II)-M121EAz mutant can be readily oxidized by Na2IrCl6, and interestingly, the protein exhibits superoxide scavenging activity. Mössbauer and EPR spectroscopies, along with X-ray structural comparisons, revealed similarities and differences between Fe(II)-M121EAz, Fe(II)-wtAz, and superoxide reductase (SOR) and allowed design of the second generation mutant, Fe(II)-M121EM44KAz, that exhibits increased superoxide scavenging activity by 2 orders of magnitude. This finding demonstrates the importance of noncovalent secondary coordination sphere interactions in fine-tuning enzymatic activity.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign , Urbana, Illinois 61801, United States.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
AzurinA, B128Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1Mutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: azuPA4922
UniProt
Find proteins for P00282 (Pseudomonas aeruginosa (strain ATCC 15692 / DSM 22644 / CIP 104116 / JCM 14847 / LMG 12228 / 1C / PRS 101 / PAO1))
Explore P00282 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00282
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.64 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.216 
  • R-Value Work: 0.181 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.183 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 55.285α = 90
b = 48.695β = 94.65
c = 95.068γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
PHENIXmodel building
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
PHENIXphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2014-08-13
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-10-01
    Changes: Database references