Selective molecular transport through the protein shell of a bacterial microcompartment organelle.Chowdhury, C., Chun, S., Pang, A., Sawaya, M.R., Sinha, S., Yeates, T.O., Bobik, T.A.
(2015) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 112: 2990-2995
- PubMed: 25713376
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1423672112
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
4QIF, 4QIG, 4RBT, 4RBU, 4RBV
- PubMed Abstract:
Bacterial microcompartments are widespread prokaryotic organelles that have important and diverse roles ranging from carbon fixation to enteric pathogenesis. Current models for microcompartment function propose that their outer protein shell is selectively permeable to small molecules, but whether a protein shell can mediate selective permeability and how this occurs are unresolved questions. Here, biochemical and physiological studies of structure-guided mutants are used to show that the hexameric PduA shell protein of the 1,2-propanediol utilization (Pdu) microcompartment forms a selectively permeable pore tailored for the influx of 1,2-propanediol (the substrate of the Pdu microcompartment) while restricting the efflux of propionaldehyde, a toxic intermediate of 1,2-propanediol catabolism. Crystal structures of various PduA mutants provide a foundation for interpreting the observed biochemical and phenotypic data in terms of molecular diffusion across the shell. Overall, these studies provide a basis for understanding a class of selectively permeable channels formed by nonmembrane proteins.
Molecular Biology Institute, UCLA-DOE Institute for Genomics and Proteomics, and Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org.