4QGK

Structure of the Human Sjogren Larsson Syndrome enzyme fatty aldehyde dehydrogenase (FALDH)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.223 
  • R-Value Work: 0.198 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.200 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

A gatekeeper helix determines the substrate specificity of Sjogren-Larsson Syndrome enzyme fatty aldehyde dehydrogenase.

Keller, M.A.Zander, U.Fuchs, J.E.Kreutz, C.Watschinger, K.Mueller, T.Golderer, G.Liedl, K.R.Ralser, M.Krautler, B.Werner, E.R.Marquez, J.A.

(2014) Nat Commun 5: 4439-4439

  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms5439
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4QGK

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Mutations in the gene coding for membrane-bound fatty aldehyde dehydrogenase (FALDH) lead to toxic accumulation of lipid species and development of the Sjögren-Larsson Syndrome (SLS), a rare disorder characterized by skin defects and mental retardation. Here, we present the crystallographic structure of human FALDH, the first model of a membrane-associated aldehyde dehydrogenase ...

    Mutations in the gene coding for membrane-bound fatty aldehyde dehydrogenase (FALDH) lead to toxic accumulation of lipid species and development of the Sjögren-Larsson Syndrome (SLS), a rare disorder characterized by skin defects and mental retardation. Here, we present the crystallographic structure of human FALDH, the first model of a membrane-associated aldehyde dehydrogenase. The dimeric FALDH displays a previously unrecognized element in its C-terminal region, a 'gatekeeper' helix, which extends over the adjacent subunit, controlling the access to the substrate cavity and helping orientate both substrate cavities towards the membrane surface for efficient substrate transit between membranes and catalytic site. Activity assays demonstrate that the gatekeeper helix is important for directing the substrate specificity of FALDH towards long-chain fatty aldehydes. The gatekeeper feature is conserved across membrane-associated aldehyde dehydrogenases. Finally, we provide insight into the previously elusive molecular basis of SLS-causing mutations.


    Organizational Affiliation

    1] European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Grenoble Outstation, 6 rue Jules Horowitz, 38042 Grenoble, France [2] Unit of Virus Host-Cell Interactions, University of Grenoble Alpes-EMBL-CNRS, 6 rue Jules Horowitz, 38042 Grenoble, France [3].



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Fatty aldehyde dehydrogenaseA, B461Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ALDH10ALDH3A2FALDH
EC: 1.2.1.3 (PDB Primary Data), 1.2.1.94 (UniProt)
Membrane Entity: Yes 
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P51648 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P51648 
Go to UniProtKB:  P51648
PHAROS:  P51648
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.223 
  • R-Value Work: 0.198 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.200 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 80.137α = 90
b = 98.582β = 90
c = 145.703γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
ADSCdata collection
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
XDSdata reduction
XDSdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2014-07-30
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2018-02-07
    Changes: Database references, Experimental preparation