4QDC

Crystal structure of 3-ketosteroid-9-alpha-hydroxylase 5 (KshA5) from R. rhodochrous in complex with FE2/S2 (INORGANIC) CLUSTER


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.217 
  • R-Value Work: 0.187 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Substrate specificities and conformational flexibility of 3-ketosteroid 9 alpha-hydroxylases.

Penfield, J.S.Worrall, L.J.Strynadka, N.C.Eltis, L.D.

(2014) J.Biol.Chem. 289: 25523-25536

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M114.575886
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • KshA is the oxygenase component of 3-ketosteroid 9α-hydroxylase, a Rieske oxygenase involved in the bacterial degradation of steroids. Consistent with its role in bile acid catabolism, KshA1 from Rhodococcus rhodochrous DSM43269 had the highest appar ...

    KshA is the oxygenase component of 3-ketosteroid 9α-hydroxylase, a Rieske oxygenase involved in the bacterial degradation of steroids. Consistent with its role in bile acid catabolism, KshA1 from Rhodococcus rhodochrous DSM43269 had the highest apparent specificity (kcat/Km) for steroids with an isopropyl side chain at C17, such as 3-oxo-23,24-bisnorcholesta-1,4-diene-22-oate (1,4-BNC). By contrast, the KshA5 homolog had the highest apparent specificity for substrates with no C17 side chain (kcat/Km >10(5) s(-1) M(-1) for 4-estrendione, 5α-androstandione, and testosterone). Unexpectedly, substrates such as 4-androstene-3,17-dione (ADD) and 4-BNC displayed strong substrate inhibition (Ki S ∼100 μM). By comparison, the cholesterol-degrading KshAMtb from Mycobacterium tuberculosis had the highest specificity for CoA-thioesterified substrates. These specificities are consistent with differences in the catabolism of cholesterol and bile acids, respectively, in actinobacteria. X-ray crystallographic structures of the KshAMtb·ADD, KshA1·1,4-BNC-CoA, KshA5·ADD, and KshA5·1,4-BNC-CoA complexes revealed that the enzymes have very similar steroid-binding pockets with the substrate's C17 oriented toward the active site opening. Comparisons suggest Tyr-245 and Phe-297 are determinants of KshA1 specificity. All enzymes have a flexible 16-residue "mouth loop," which in some structures completely occluded the substrate-binding pocket from the bulk solvent. Remarkably, the catalytic iron and α-helices harboring its ligands were displaced up to 4.4 Å in the KshA5·substrate complexes as compared with substrate-free KshA, suggesting that Rieske oxygenases may have a dynamic nature similar to cytochrome P450.


    Organizational Affiliation

    From the Departments of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
3-ketosteroid 9alpha-hydroxylase oxygenase
A
390Rhodococcus rhodochrousMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: kshA (kshA5)
Find proteins for F1CMY8 (Rhodococcus rhodochrous)
Go to UniProtKB:  F1CMY8
Small Molecules
Ligands 6 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

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A
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

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A
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PG4
Query on PG4

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A
TETRAETHYLENE GLYCOL
C8 H18 O5
UWHCKJMYHZGTIT-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
FES
Query on FES

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A
FE2/S2 (INORGANIC) CLUSTER
Fe2 S2
NIXDOXVAJZFRNF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
FE
Query on FE

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A
FE (III) ION
Fe
VTLYFUHAOXGGBS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ASD
Query on ASD

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A
4-ANDROSTENE-3-17-DIONE
C19 H26 O2
AEMFNILZOJDQLW-QAGGRKNESA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.217 
  • R-Value Work: 0.187 
  • Space Group: P 63
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 162.183α = 90.00
b = 162.183β = 90.00
c = 46.969γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
Aimlessdata scaling
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
REFMACrefinement
XDSdata reduction
MxDCdata collection
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2014-07-30
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-10-01
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2017-11-22
    Type: Refinement description