4QBU

Structure of the Acyl Transferase domain of ZmaA


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.7 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.200 
  • R-Value Work: 0.171 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

A Polyketide Synthase Acyltransferase Domain Structure Suggests a Recognition Mechanism for Its Hydroxymalonyl-Acyl Carrier Protein Substrate.

Park, H.Kevany, B.M.Dyer, D.H.Thomas, M.G.Forest, K.T.

(2014) Plos One 9: e110965-e110965

  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0110965

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • We have previously shown that the acyl transferase domain of ZmaA (ZmaA-AT) is involved in the biosynthesis of the aminopolyol polyketide/nonribosomal peptide hybrid molecule zwittermicin A from cereus UW85, and that it specifically recognizes the pr ...

    We have previously shown that the acyl transferase domain of ZmaA (ZmaA-AT) is involved in the biosynthesis of the aminopolyol polyketide/nonribosomal peptide hybrid molecule zwittermicin A from cereus UW85, and that it specifically recognizes the precursor hydroxymalonyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) and transfers the hydroxymalonyl extender unit to a downstream second ACP via a transacylated AT domain intermediate. We now present the X-ray crystal structure of ZmaA-AT at a resolution of 1.7 Å. The structure shows a patch of solvent-exposed hydrophobic residues in the area where the AT is proposed to interact with the precursor ACP. We addressed the significance of the AT/ACP interaction in precursor specificity of the AT by testing whether malonyl- or methylmalonyl-ACP can be recognized by ZmaA-AT. We found that the ACP itself biases extender unit selection. Until now, structural information for ATs has been limited to ATs specific for the CoA-linked precursors malonyl-CoA and (2S)-methylmalonyl-CoA. This work contributes to polyketide synthase engineering efforts by expanding our knowledge of AT/substrate interactions with the structure of an AT domain that recognizes an ACP-linked substrate, the rare hydroxymalonate. Our structure suggests a model in which ACP interaction with a hydrophobic motif promotes secondary structure formation at the binding site, and opening of the adjacent substrate pocket lid to allow extender unit binding in the AT active site.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Bacteriology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
ZmaA
A
444Bacillus cereusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: zmaA
Find proteins for C0JRE5 (Bacillus cereus)
Go to UniProtKB:  C0JRE5
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
FMT
Query on FMT

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
FORMIC ACID
C H2 O2
BDAGIHXWWSANSR-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.7 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.200 
  • R-Value Work: 0.171 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 46.915α = 90.00
b = 74.250β = 90.00
c = 124.728γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data reduction
Auto-Rickshawphasing
REFMACrefinement
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2014-11-05
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-11-22
    Type: Refinement description