A peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma ligand inhibits adipocyte differentiation.Oberfield, J.L., Collins, J.L., Holmes, C.P., Goreham, D.M., Cooper, J.P., Cobb, J.E., Lenhard, J.M., Hull-Ryde, E.A., Mohr, C.P., Blanchard, S.G., Parks, D.J., Moore, L.B., Lehmann, J.M., Plunket, K., Miller, A.B., Milburn, M.V., Kliewer, S.A., Willson, T.M.
(1999) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 96: 6102-6106
- PubMed: 10339548
- DOI: 10.1073/pnas.96.11.6102
- Structures With Same Primary Citation
- PubMed Abstract:
- Ligand binding and co-activator assembly of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma.
Nolte, R.T., Wisely, G.B., Westin, S., Cobb, J.E., Lambert, M.H., Kurokawa, R., Rosenfeld, M.G., Willson, T.M., Glass, C.K., Milburn, M.V.
(1998) Nature 395: 137
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are nuclear hormone receptors that regulate glucose and lipid homeostasis. The PPARgamma subtype plays a central role in the regulation of adipogenesis and is the molecular target for the 2, 4-t ...
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are nuclear hormone receptors that regulate glucose and lipid homeostasis. The PPARgamma subtype plays a central role in the regulation of adipogenesis and is the molecular target for the 2, 4-thiazolidinedione class of antidiabetic drugs. Structural studies have revealed that agonist ligands activate the PPARs through direct interactions with the C-terminal region of the ligand-binding domain, which includes the activation function 2 helix. GW0072 was identified as a high-affinity PPARgamma ligand that was a weak partial agonist of PPARgamma transactivation. X-ray crystallography revealed that GW0072 occupied the ligand-binding pocket by using different epitopes than the known PPAR agonists and did not interact with the activation function 2 helix. In cell culture, GW0072 was a potent antagonist of adipocyte differentiation. These results establish an approach to the design of PPAR ligands with modified biological activities.
Department of Molecular Endocrinology, Glaxo Wellcome Research and Development, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA.