4PO5

Crystal structure of allophycocyanin B from Synechocystis PCC 6803


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.751 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.194 
  • R-Value Work: 0.170 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.0 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

The structure of allophycocyanin B from Synechocystis PCC 6803 reveals the structural basis for the extreme redshift of the terminal emitter in phycobilisomes.

Peng, P.P.Dong, L.L.Sun, Y.F.Zeng, X.L.Ding, W.L.Scheer, H.Yang, X.Zhao, K.H.

(2014) Acta Crystallogr.,Sect.D 70: 2558-2569

  • DOI: 10.1107/S1399004714015776
  • Also Cited By: 3JBB

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Allophycocyanin B (AP-B) is one of the two terminal emitters in phycobilisomes, the unique light-harvesting complexes of cyanobacteria and red algae. Its low excitation-energy level and the correspondingly redshifted absorption and fluorescence emiss ...

    Allophycocyanin B (AP-B) is one of the two terminal emitters in phycobilisomes, the unique light-harvesting complexes of cyanobacteria and red algae. Its low excitation-energy level and the correspondingly redshifted absorption and fluorescence emission play an important role in funnelling excitation energy from the hundreds of chromophores of the extramembraneous phycobilisome to the reaction centres within the photosynthetic membrane. In the absence of crystal structures of these low-abundance terminal emitters, the molecular basis for the extreme redshift and directional energy transfer is largely unknown. Here, the crystal structure of trimeric AP-B [(ApcD/ApcB)3] from Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 at 1.75 Å resolution is reported. In the crystal lattice, eight trimers of AP-B form a porous, spherical, 48-subunit assembly of 193 Å in diameter with an internal cavity of 1.1 × 10(6) Å(3). While the overall structure of trimeric AP-B is similar to those reported for many other phycobiliprotein trimers, the chromophore pocket of the α-subunit, ApcD, has more bulky residues that tightly pack the phycocyanobilin (PCB). Ring D of the chromophores is further stabilized by close interactions with ApcB from the adjacent monomer. The combined contributions from both subunits render the conjugated rings B, C and D of the PCB in ApcD almost perfectly coplanar. Together with mutagenesis data, it is proposed that the enhanced planarity effectively extends the conjugation system of PCB and leads to the redshifted absorption (λmax = 669 nm) and fluorescence emission (679 nm) of the ApcD chromophore in AP-B, thereby enabling highly efficient energy transfer from the phycobilisome core to the reaction centres.


    Organizational Affiliation

    State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, People's Republic of China.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Allophycocyanin subunit alpha-B
A, C, E
167Synechocystis sp. (strain PCC 6803 / Kazusa)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: apcD
Find proteins for P72870 (Synechocystis sp. (strain PCC 6803 / Kazusa))
Go to UniProtKB:  P72870
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Allophycocyanin beta chain
B, D, F
161Synechocystis sp. (strain PCC 6803 / Kazusa)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: apcB
Find proteins for Q01952 (Synechocystis sp. (strain PCC 6803 / Kazusa))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q01952
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
CYC
Query on CYC

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F
PHYCOCYANOBILIN
C33 H40 N4 O6
VXTXPYZGDQPMHK-GMXXPEQVSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
MEN
Query on MEN
B, D, F
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H10 N2 O3ASN
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.751 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.194 
  • R-Value Work: 0.170 
  • Space Group: I 4 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 184.293α = 90.00
b = 184.293β = 90.00
c = 260.954γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHASERphasing
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
MD2data collection

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2014-10-29
    Type: Initial release