4PLF

Crystal structure of ancestral apicomplexan lactate dehydrogenase with lactate.


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.35 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.144 
  • R-Value Work: 0.120 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

An atomic-resolution view of neofunctionalization in the evolution of apicomplexan lactate dehydrogenases.

Boucher, J.I.Jacobowitz, J.R.Beckett, B.C.Classen, S.Theobald, D.L.

(2014) Elife 3: e02304-e02304

  • DOI: 10.7554/eLife.02304
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Malate and lactate dehydrogenases (MDH and LDH) are homologous, core metabolic enzymes that share a fold and catalytic mechanism yet possess strict specificity for their substrates. In the Apicomplexa, convergent evolution of an unusual LDH from MDH ...

    Malate and lactate dehydrogenases (MDH and LDH) are homologous, core metabolic enzymes that share a fold and catalytic mechanism yet possess strict specificity for their substrates. In the Apicomplexa, convergent evolution of an unusual LDH from MDH produced a difference in specificity exceeding 12 orders of magnitude. The mechanisms responsible for this extraordinary functional shift are currently unknown. Using ancestral protein resurrection, we find that specificity evolved in apicomplexan LDHs by classic neofunctionalization characterized by long-range epistasis, a promiscuous intermediate, and few gain-of-function mutations of large effect. In canonical MDHs and LDHs, a single residue in the active-site loop governs substrate specificity: Arg102 in MDHs and Gln102 in LDHs. During the evolution of the apicomplexan LDH, however, specificity switched via an insertion that shifted the position and identity of this 'specificity residue' to Trp107f. Residues far from the active site also determine specificity, as shown by the crystal structures of three ancestral proteins bracketing the key duplication event. This work provides an unprecedented atomic-resolution view of evolutionary trajectories creating a nascent enzymatic function.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Brandeis University, Waltham, United States.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
lactate dehydrogenase
A, B
334ApicomplexaMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for A0A075B5G8 (Apicomplexa)
Go to UniProtKB:  A0A075B5G8
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PYR
Query on PYR

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
PYRUVIC ACID
C3 H4 O3
LCTONWCANYUPML-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAD
Query on NAD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
B
NICOTINAMIDE-ADENINE-DINUCLEOTIDE
C21 H27 N7 O14 P2
BAWFJGJZGIEFAR-NNYOXOHSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAI
Query on NAI

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
1,4-DIHYDRONICOTINAMIDE ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE
NADH
C21 H29 N7 O14 P2
BOPGDPNILDQYTO-NNYOXOHSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.35 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.144 
  • R-Value Work: 0.120 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 113.440α = 90.00
b = 143.190β = 90.00
c = 91.420γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XDSdata reduction
Blu-Icedata collection
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationCountryGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of General Medical SciencesUnited StatesR01GM096053;
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of General Medical SciencesUnited StatesR01GM094468
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of General Medical SciencesUnited StatesR01GM105404

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2014-07-02
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-07-16
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2014-09-24
    Type: Structure summary
  • Version 1.3: 2014-10-01
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.4: 2017-09-27
    Type: Advisory, Author supporting evidence, Derived calculations, Other, Source and taxonomy