Discovery of 6-[5-(4-fluorophenyl)-3-methyl-pyrazol-4-yl]-benzoxazin-3-one derivatives as novel selective nonsteroidal mineralocorticoid receptor antagonistsHasui, T., Ohyabu, N., Ohra, T., Fuji, K., Sugimoto, T., Fujimoto, J., Asano, K., Oosawa, M., Shiotani, S., Nishigaki, N., Kusumoto, K., Matsui, H., Mizukami, A., Habuka, N., Sogabe, S., Endo, S., Ono, M., Siedem, C.S., Tang, T.P., Gauthier, C., De Meese, L.A., Boyd, S.A., Fukumoto, S.
(2014) Bioorg Med Chem 22: 5428-5445
- PubMed: 25187277
- DOI: 10.1016/j.bmc.2014.07.038
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
In the course of our study on selective nonsteroidal mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) antagonists, a series of novel benzoxazine derivatives possessing an azole ring as the core scaffold was designed for the purpose of attenuating the partial agonistic ac ...
In the course of our study on selective nonsteroidal mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) antagonists, a series of novel benzoxazine derivatives possessing an azole ring as the core scaffold was designed for the purpose of attenuating the partial agonistic activity of the previously reported dihydropyrrol-2-one derivatives. Screening of alternative azole rings identified 1,3-dimethyl pyrazole 6a as a lead compound with reduced partial agonistic activity. Subsequent replacement of the 1-methyl group of the pyrazole ring with larger lipophilic side chains or polar side chains targeting Arg817 and Gln776 increased MR binding activity while maintaining the agonistic response at the lower level. Among these compounds, 6-[1-(2,2-difluoro-3-hydroxypropyl)-5-(4-fluorophenyl)-3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-2H-1,4-benzoxazin-3(4H)-one (37a) showed highly potent in vitro activity, high selectivity versus other steroid hormone receptors, and good pharmacokinetic profiles. Oral administration of 37a in deoxycorticosterone acetate-salt hypertensive rats showed a significant blood pressure-lowering effect with no signs of antiandrogenic effects.
Pharmaceutical Research Division, Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited, 26-1, Muraoka-higashi, 2-Chome, Fujisawa, Kanagawa 251-8555, Japan.