4P7F

Mouse apo-COMT


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.37 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.171 
  • R-Value Work: 0.123 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.126 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Mapping the conformational space accessible to catechol-O-methyltransferase.

Ehler, A.Benz, J.Schlatter, D.Rudolph, M.G.

(2014) Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr 70: 2163-2174

  • DOI: 10.1107/S1399004714012917
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4P7K, 4P7F, 4P7G, 4P7J, 4PYM, 4PYN, 4PYO, 4PYQ, 4PYI, 4PYJ, 4PYK, 4PYL

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Methylation catalysed by catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) is the main pathway of catechol neurotransmitter deactivation in the prefrontal cortex. Low levels of this class of neurotransmitters are held to be causative of diseases such as schizophrenia, depression and Parkinson's disease ...

    Methylation catalysed by catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) is the main pathway of catechol neurotransmitter deactivation in the prefrontal cortex. Low levels of this class of neurotransmitters are held to be causative of diseases such as schizophrenia, depression and Parkinson's disease. Inhibition of COMT may increase neurotransmitter levels, thus offering a route for treatment. Structure-based drug design hitherto seems to be based on the closed enzyme conformation. Here, a set of apo, semi-holo, holo and Michaelis form crystal structures are described that define the conformational space available to COMT and that include likely intermediates along the catalytic pathway. Domain swaps and sizeable loop movements around the active site testify to the flexibility of this enzyme, rendering COMT a difficult drug target. The low affinity of the co-substrate S-adenosylmethionine and the large conformational changes involved during catalysis highlight significant energetic investment to achieve the closed conformation. Since each conformation of COMT is a bona fide target for inhibitors, other states than the closed conformation may be promising to address. Crystallographic data for an alternative avenue of COMT inhibition, i.e. locking of the apo state by an inhibitor, are presented. The set of COMT structures may prove to be useful for the development of novel classes of inhibitors.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Molecular Design and Chemical Biology, F. Hoffmann-La Roche, Grenzacher Strasse 124, Basel, Switzerland.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Catechol O-methyltransferaseA222Mus musculusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ComtComt1
EC: 2.1.1.6
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for O88587 (Mus musculus)
Explore O88587 
Go to UniProtKB:  O88587
IMPC:  MGI:88470
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.37 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.171 
  • R-Value Work: 0.123 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.126 
  • Space Group: H 3 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 123.822α = 90
b = 123.822β = 90
c = 88.369γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
XDSdata reduction
SADABSdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2014-06-11
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-08-13
    Changes: Database references