4OHM

Human GKRP bound to AMG-0771 and sorbitol-6-phosphate


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.272 
  • R-Value Work: 0.215 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Small molecule disruptors of the glucokinase-glucokinase regulatory protein interaction: 3. Structure-activity relationships within the aryl carbinol region of the N-arylsulfonamido-N'-arylpiperazine series.

Nishimura, N.Norman, M.H.Liu, L.Yang, K.C.Ashton, K.S.Bartberger, M.D.Chmait, S.Chen, J.Cupples, R.Fotsch, C.Helmering, J.Jordan, S.R.Kunz, R.K.Pennington, L.D.Poon, S.F.Siegmund, A.Sivits, G.Lloyd, D.J.Hale, C.St Jean, D.J.

(2014) J.Med.Chem. 57: 3094-3116

  • DOI: 10.1021/jm5000497
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • We have recently reported a novel approach to increase cytosolic glucokinase (GK) levels through the binding of a small molecule to its endogenous inhibitor, glucokinase regulatory protein (GKRP). These initial investigations culminated in the identi ...

    We have recently reported a novel approach to increase cytosolic glucokinase (GK) levels through the binding of a small molecule to its endogenous inhibitor, glucokinase regulatory protein (GKRP). These initial investigations culminated in the identification of 2-(4-((2S)-4-((6-amino-3-pyridinyl)sulfonyl)-2-(1-propyn-1-yl)-1-piperazinyl)phenyl)-1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-2-propanol (1, AMG-3969), a compound that effectively enhanced GK translocation and reduced blood glucose levels in diabetic animals. Herein we report the results of our expanded SAR investigations that focused on modifications to the aryl carbinol group of this series. Guided by the X-ray cocrystal structure of compound 1 bound to hGKRP, we identified several potent GK-GKRP disruptors bearing a diverse set of functionalities in the aryl carbinol region. Among them, sulfoximine and pyridinyl derivatives 24 and 29 possessed excellent potency as well as favorable PK properties. When dosed orally in db/db mice, both compounds significantly lowered fed blood glucose levels (up to 58%).


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Therapeutic Discovery-Medicinal Chemistry, ‡Department of Therapeutic Discovery-Molecular Structure and Characterization, §Department of Metabolic Disorders, and ∥Department of Pharmacokinetics and Drug Metabolism, Amgen Inc. , One Amgen Center Drive, Thousand Oaks, California 91320-1799, United States.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Glucokinase regulatory protein
A, B
638Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: GCKR
Find proteins for Q14397 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: GCKR
Go to UniProtKB:  Q14397
Small Molecules
Ligands 5 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
IOD
Query on IOD

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Download CCD File 
A, B
IODIDE ION
I
XMBWDFGMSWQBCA-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

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Download CCD File 
B
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

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Download CCD File 
B
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
2TF
Query on 2TF

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Download CCD File 
A, B
(2S)-2-{4-[(2S)-4-[(6-aminopyridin-3-yl)sulfonyl]-2-(prop-1-yn-1-yl)piperazin-1-yl]phenyl}-3,3,3-trifluoropropane-1,2-diol
C21 H23 F3 N4 O4 S
HZYIALCWDCIMRP-FXAWDEMLSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
S6P
Query on S6P

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Download CCD File 
A, B
D-SORBITOL-6-PHOSPHATE
1-O-PHOSPHONO-D-GLUCITOL, D-GLUCITOL-6-PHOSPHATE
C6 H15 O9 P
GACTWZZMVMUKNG-SLPGGIOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
2TFIC50: 28 nM (100) BINDINGDB
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.272 
  • R-Value Work: 0.215 
  • Space Group: P 65
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 149.181α = 90.00
b = 149.181β = 90.00
c = 132.327γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
AMoREphasing
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data collection
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2014-07-30
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-10-08
    Type: Database references