4NZQ

Crystal structure of Ca2+-free prothrombin deletion mutant residues 146-167


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.807 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.279 
  • R-Value Work: 0.226 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

The linker connecting the two kringles plays a key role in prothrombin activation.

Pozzi, N.Chen, Z.Pelc, L.A.Shropshire, D.B.Di Cera, E.

(2014) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 111: 7630-7635

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1403779111
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
  • Also Cited By: 5EDK

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The zymogen prothrombin is proteolytically converted by factor Xa to the active protease thrombin in a reaction that is accelerated >3,000-fold by cofactor Va. This physiologically important effect is paradigmatic of analogous cofactor-dependent reac ...

    The zymogen prothrombin is proteolytically converted by factor Xa to the active protease thrombin in a reaction that is accelerated >3,000-fold by cofactor Va. This physiologically important effect is paradigmatic of analogous cofactor-dependent reactions in the coagulation and complement cascades, but its structural determinants remain poorly understood. Prothrombin has three linkers connecting the N-terminal Gla domain to kringle-1 (Lnk1), the two kringles (Lnk2), and kringle-2 to the C-terminal protease domain (Lnk3). Recent developments indicate that the linkers, and particularly Lnk2, confer on the zymogen significant flexibility in solution and enable prothrombin to sample alternative conformations. The role of this flexibility in the context of prothrombin activation was tested with several deletions. Removal of Lnk2 in almost its entirety (ProTΔ146-167) drastically reduces the enhancement of thrombin generation by cofactor Va from >3,000-fold to 60-fold because of a significant increase in the rate of activation in the absence of cofactor. Deletion of Lnk2 mimics the action of cofactor Va and offers insights into how prothrombin is activated at the molecular level. The crystal structure of ProTΔ146-167 reveals a contorted architecture where the domains are not vertically stacked, kringle-1 comes within 9 Å of the protease domain, and the Gla-domain primed for membrane binding comes in contact with kringle-2. These findings broaden our molecular understanding of a key reaction of the blood coagulation cascade where cofactor Va enhances activation of prothrombin by factor Xa by compressing Lnk2 and morphing prothrombin into a conformation similar to the structure of ProTΔ146-167.


    Related Citations: 
    • Crystal structure of prethrombin-1
      Chen, Z.,Pelc, L.A.,Di Cera, E.
      (2010) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 107: 19278
    • Structure of bovine prothrombin fragment 1 refined at 2.25 A resolution
      Seshadri, T.P.,Tulinsky, A.,Skrzypczak-Jankun, E.,Park, C.H.
      (1991) J.Mol.Biol. 220: 481


    Organizational Affiliation

    Edward A. Doisy Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63104.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Prothrombin
A
557Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: F2
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NAG
Query on NAG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
CGU
Query on CGU
A
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC6 H9 N O6GLU
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.807 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.279 
  • R-Value Work: 0.226 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 88.754α = 90.00
b = 171.739β = 90.00
c = 141.252γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data scaling
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
CrystalCleardata collection
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2014-05-21
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-06-25
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2017-08-23
    Type: Refinement description, Source and taxonomy