4NTZ

Crystal structure of Adenylate kinase from Streptococcus pneumoniae


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.69 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.222 
  • R-Value Work: 0.184 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Adenylate kinase from Streptococcus pneumoniae is essential for growth through its catalytic activity

Thach, T.T.Luong, T.T.Lee, S.H.Rhee, D.K.

(2014) FEBS Open Bio 4: 672-682

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.fob.2014.07.002
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) infection causes more than 1.6 million deaths worldwide. Pneumococcal growth is a prerequisite for its virulence and requires an appropriate supply of cellular energy. Adenylate kinases constitute a major famil ...

    Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) infection causes more than 1.6 million deaths worldwide. Pneumococcal growth is a prerequisite for its virulence and requires an appropriate supply of cellular energy. Adenylate kinases constitute a major family of enzymes that regulate cellular ATP levels. Some bacterial adenylate kinases (AdKs) are known to be critical for growth, but the physiological effects of AdKs in pneumococci have been poorly understood at the molecular level. Here, by crystallographic and functional studies, we report that the catalytic activity of adenylate kinase from S . pneumoniae (SpAdK) serotype 2 D39 is essential for growth. We determined the crystal structure of SpAdK in two conformations: ligand-free open form and closed in complex with a two-substrate mimic inhibitor adenosine pentaphosphate (Ap5A). Crystallographic analysis of SpAdK reveals Arg-89 as a key active site residue. We generated a conditional expression mutant of pneumococcus in which the expression of the adk gene is tightly regulated by fucose. The expression level of adk correlates with growth rate. Expression of the wild-type adk gene in fucose-inducible strains rescued a growth defect, but expression of the Arg-89 mutation did not. SpAdK increased total cellular ATP levels. Furthermore, lack of functional SpAdK caused a growth defect in vivo. Taken together, our results demonstrate that SpAdK is essential for pneumococcal growth in vitro and in vivo.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biological Sciences, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, Republic of Korea.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Adenylate kinase
A
217Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 2 (strain D39 / NCTC 7466)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: adk
EC: 2.7.4.3
Find proteins for Q04ML5 (Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 2 (strain D39 / NCTC 7466))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q04ML5
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.69 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.222 
  • R-Value Work: 0.184 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 44.220α = 90.00
b = 53.700β = 114.46
c = 50.870γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
HKL-2000data reduction
PHENIXrefinement
REFMACrefinement
PHASESphasing
HKL-2000data scaling
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2014-07-23
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-10-01
    Type: Database references