4NRX

Crystal Structure of HIV-1 Neutralizing Antibody m66 in complex with gp41 MPER peptide


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.21 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.215 
  • R-Value Work: 0.188 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural Basis for HIV-1 Neutralization by 2F5-Like Antibodies m66 and m66.6.

Ofek, G.Zirkle, B.Yang, Y.Zhu, Z.McKee, K.Zhang, B.Chuang, G.Y.Georgiev, I.S.O'Dell, S.Doria-Rose, N.Mascola, J.R.Dimitrov, D.S.Kwong, P.D.

(2014) J.Virol. 88: 2426-2441

  • DOI: 10.1128/JVI.02837-13
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Antibodies m66.6 and 2F5 are the only effective human HIV-1-neutralizing antibodies reported thus far to recognize the N-terminal region of the membrane-proximal external region (MPER) of the gp41 subunit of the HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein. Although ...

    Antibodies m66.6 and 2F5 are the only effective human HIV-1-neutralizing antibodies reported thus far to recognize the N-terminal region of the membrane-proximal external region (MPER) of the gp41 subunit of the HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein. Although 2F5 has been extensively characterized, much less is known about antibody m66.6 or antibody m66, a closely related light-chain variant. Here, we report the crystal structure of m66 in complex with its gp41 epitope, along with unbound structures of m66 and m66.6. We used mutational and binding analyses to decipher antibody elements critical for their recognition of gp41 and determined the molecular basis that underlies their neutralization of HIV-1. When bound by m66, the N-terminal region of the gp41 MPER adopts a conformation comprising a helix, followed by an extended loop. Comparison of gp41-bound m66 to unbound m66.6 identified three light-chain residues of m66.6 that were confirmed through mutagenesis to underlie the greater breadth of m66.6-mediated virus neutralization. Recognition of gp41 by m66 also revealed similarities to antibody 2F5 both in the conformation of crucial epitope residues as well as in the angle of antibody approach. Aromatic residues at the tip of the m66.6 heavy-chain third complementarity-determining region, as in the case of 2F5, were determined to be critical for virus neutralization in a manner that correlated with antibody recognition of the MPER in a lipid context. Antibodies m66, m66.6, and 2F5 thus utilize similar mechanistic elements to recognize a common gp41-MPER epitope and to neutralize HIV-1.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Envelope glycoprotein gp41
P, C
19Human immunodeficiency virus 1Mutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: env
Find proteins for Q9QQN5 (Human immunodeficiency virus 1)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9QQN5
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
m66 Heavy Chain
H, A, D
234N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
m66 Light Chain
L, B, E
213N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.21 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.215 
  • R-Value Work: 0.188 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 197.262α = 90.00
b = 93.505β = 111.80
c = 89.830γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
PHENIXrefinement
PHASERphasing
DENZOdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2014-02-05
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-03-05
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2017-11-22
    Type: Refinement description