4NQK

Structure of an Ubiquitin complex


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.7 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.285 
  • R-Value Work: 0.222 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural basis for ubiquitin-mediated antiviral signal activation by RIG-I.

Peisley, A.Wu, B.Xu, H.Chen, Z.J.Hur, S.

(2014) Nature 509: 110-114

  • DOI: 10.1038/nature13140

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Ubiquitin (Ub) has important roles in a wide range of intracellular signalling pathways. In the conventional view, ubiquitin alters the signalling activity of the target protein through covalent modification, but accumulating evidence points to the e ...

    Ubiquitin (Ub) has important roles in a wide range of intracellular signalling pathways. In the conventional view, ubiquitin alters the signalling activity of the target protein through covalent modification, but accumulating evidence points to the emerging role of non-covalent interaction between ubiquitin and the target. In the innate immune signalling pathway of a viral RNA sensor, RIG-I, both covalent and non-covalent interactions with K63-linked ubiquitin chains (K63-Ubn) were shown to occur in its signalling domain, a tandem caspase activation and recruitment domain (hereafter referred to as 2CARD). Non-covalent binding of K63-Ubn to 2CARD induces its tetramer formation, a requirement for downstream signal activation. Here we report the crystal structure of the tetramer of human RIG-I 2CARD bound by three chains of K63-Ub2. 2CARD assembles into a helical tetramer resembling a 'lock-washer', in which the tetrameric surface serves as a signalling platform for recruitment and activation of the downstream signalling molecule, MAVS. Ubiquitin chains are bound along the outer rim of the helical trajectory, bridging adjacent subunits of 2CARD and stabilizing the 2CARD tetramer. The combination of structural and functional analyses reveals that binding avidity dictates the K63-linkage and chain-length specificity of 2CARD, and that covalent ubiquitin conjugation of 2CARD further stabilizes the Ub-2CARD interaction and thus the 2CARD tetramer. Our work provides unique insights into the novel types of ubiquitin-mediated signal-activation mechanism, and previously unexpected synergism between the covalent and non-covalent ubiquitin interaction modes.


    Organizational Affiliation

    1] Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115 USA [2] Program in Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Probable ATP-dependent RNA helicase DDX58
A, B, C, D
203Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: DDX58
EC: 3.6.4.13
Find proteins for O95786 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: DDX58
Go to UniProtKB:  O95786
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Ubiquitin
E, F, G, H, I, J
79Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: UBC
Find proteins for P0CG48 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: UBC
Go to UniProtKB:  P0CG48
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.7 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.285 
  • R-Value Work: 0.222 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 85.539α = 90.00
b = 101.851β = 106.88
c = 88.151γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXphasing
PHENIXmodel building
PHENIXrefinement
XDSdata scaling
XDSdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2014-03-05
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-05-21
    Type: Database references