Structure of the Ribosomal Oxygenase OGFOD1 Provides Insights into the Regio- and Stereoselectivity of Prolyl Hydroxylases.Horita, S., Scotti, J.S., Thinnes, C., Mottaghi-Taromsari, Y.S., Thalhammer, A., Ge, W., Aik, W., Loenarz, C., Schofield, C.J., McDonough, M.A.
(2015) Structure 23: 639-652
- PubMed: 25728928
- DOI: 10.1016/j.str.2015.01.014
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Post-translational ribosomal protein hydroxylation is catalyzed by 2-oxoglutarate (2OG) and ferrous iron dependent oxygenases, and occurs in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. OGFOD1 catalyzes trans-3 prolyl hydroxylation at Pro62 of the small ribosomal sub ...
Post-translational ribosomal protein hydroxylation is catalyzed by 2-oxoglutarate (2OG) and ferrous iron dependent oxygenases, and occurs in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. OGFOD1 catalyzes trans-3 prolyl hydroxylation at Pro62 of the small ribosomal subunit protein uS12 (RPS23) and is conserved from yeasts to humans. We describe crystal structures of the human uS12 prolyl 3-hydroxylase (OGFOD1) and its homolog from Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Tpa1p): OGFOD1 in complex with the broad-spectrum 2OG oxygenase inhibitors; N-oxalylglycine (NOG) and pyridine-2,4-dicarboxylate (2,4-PDCA) to 2.1 and 2.6 Å resolution, respectively; and Tpa1p in complex with NOG, 2,4-PDCA, and 1-chloro-4-hydroxyisoquinoline-3-carbonylglycine (a more selective prolyl hydroxylase inhibitor) to 2.8, 1.9, and 1.9 Å resolution, respectively. Comparison of uS12 hydroxylase structures with those of other prolyl hydroxylases, including the human hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) prolyl hydroxylases (PHDs), reveals differences between the prolyl 3- and prolyl 4-hydroxylase active sites, which can be exploited for developing selective inhibitors of the different subfamilies.
Chemistry Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of Oxford, 12 Mansfield Road, Oxford OX1 3TA, UK; Department of Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PT, UK.