4N6E

Crystal structure of Amycolatopsis orientalis BexX/CysO complex


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.6 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.240 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Co-opting sulphur-carrier proteins from primary metabolic pathways for 2-thiosugar biosynthesis.

Sasaki, E.Zhang, X.Sun, H.G.Lu, M.Y.Liu, T.L.Ou, A.Li, J.Y.Chen, Y.H.Ealick, S.E.Liu, H.W.

(2014) Nature 509: 427-431

  • DOI: 10.1038/nature13256
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Sulphur is an essential element for life and is ubiquitous in living systems. Yet how the sulphur atom is incorporated into many sulphur-containing secondary metabolites is poorly understood. For bond formation between carbon and sulphur in primary m ...

    Sulphur is an essential element for life and is ubiquitous in living systems. Yet how the sulphur atom is incorporated into many sulphur-containing secondary metabolites is poorly understood. For bond formation between carbon and sulphur in primary metabolites, the major ionic sulphur sources are the persulphide and thiocarboxylate groups on sulphur-carrier (donor) proteins. Each group is post-translationally generated through the action of a specific activating enzyme. In all reported bacterial cases, the gene encoding the enzyme that catalyses the carbon-sulphur bond formation reaction and that encoding the cognate sulphur-carrier protein exist in the same gene cluster. To study the production of the 2-thiosugar moiety in BE-7585A, an antibiotic from Amycolatopsis orientalis, we identified a putative 2-thioglucose synthase, BexX, whose protein sequence and mode of action seem similar to those of ThiG, the enzyme that catalyses thiazole formation in thiamine biosynthesis. However, no gene encoding a sulphur-carrier protein could be located in the BE-7585A cluster. Subsequent genome sequencing uncovered a few genes encoding sulphur-carrier proteins that are probably involved in the biosynthesis of primary metabolites but only one activating enzyme gene in the A. orientalis genome. Further experiments showed that this activating enzyme can adenylate each of these sulphur-carrier proteins and probably also catalyses the subsequent thiolation, through its rhodanese domain. A proper combination of these sulphur-delivery systems is effective for BexX-catalysed 2-thioglucose production. The ability of BexX to selectively distinguish sulphur-carrier proteins is given a structural basis using X-ray crystallography. This study is, to our knowledge, the first complete characterization of thiosugar formation in nature and also demonstrates the receptor promiscuity of the A. orientalis sulphur-delivery system. Our results also show that co-opting the sulphur-delivery machinery of primary metabolism for the biosynthesis of sulphur-containing natural products is probably a general strategy found in nature.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Putative thiosugar synthase
A
256Amycolatopsis orientalis subsp. vineariaMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: bexX
EC: 2.8.1.10
Find proteins for D7RFL7 (Amycolatopsis orientalis subsp. vinearia)
Go to UniProtKB:  D7RFL7
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
ThiS/MoaD family protein
B
90Amycolatopsis keratiniphilaMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for R4T9W5 (Amycolatopsis keratiniphila)
Go to UniProtKB:  R4T9W5
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.6 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.240 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 
  • Space Group: I 4 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 106.362α = 90.00
b = 106.362β = 90.00
c = 181.674γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
HKL-2000data scaling
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
HKL-2000data reduction
REFMACrefinement
PHENIXphasing
DENZOdata reduction
ADSCdata collection

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2014-05-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-06-25
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2014-07-09
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2017-11-15
    Type: Refinement description