4MZ7

Structural insight into dGTP-dependent activation of tetrameric SAMHD1 deoxynucleoside triphosphate triphosphohydrolase


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.226 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural insight into dGTP-dependent activation of tetrameric SAMHD1 deoxynucleoside triphosphate triphosphohydrolase

Zhu, C.Gao, W.Zhao, K.Qin, X.Zhang, Y.Peng, X.Zhang, L.Dong, Y.Zhang, W.Li, P.Wei, W.Gong, Y.Yu, X.F.

(2013) Nat Commun 4: 2722-2722

  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms3722

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • SAMHD1 is a dGTP-activated deoxynucleoside triphosphate triphosphohydrolase (dNTPase) whose dNTPase activity has been linked to HIV/SIV restriction. The mechanism of its dGTP-activated dNTPase function remains unclear. Recent data also indicate that ...

    SAMHD1 is a dGTP-activated deoxynucleoside triphosphate triphosphohydrolase (dNTPase) whose dNTPase activity has been linked to HIV/SIV restriction. The mechanism of its dGTP-activated dNTPase function remains unclear. Recent data also indicate that SAMHD1 regulates retrotransposition of LINE-1 elements. Here we report the 1.8-Å crystal structure of homotetrameric SAMHD1 in complex with the allosteric activator and substrate dGTP/dATP. The structure indicates the mechanism of dGTP-dependent tetramer formation, which requires the cooperation of three subunits and two dGTP/dATP molecules at each allosteric site. Allosteric dGTP binding induces conformational changes at the active site, allowing a more stable interaction with the substrate and explaining the dGTP-induced SAMHD1 dNTPase activity. Mutations of dGTP binding residues in the allosteric site affect tetramer formation, dNTPase activity and HIV-1 restriction. dGTP-triggered tetramer formation is also important for SAMHD1-mediated LINE-1 regulation. The structural and functional information provided here should facilitate future investigation of SAMHD1 function, including dNTPase activity, LINE-1 modulation and HIV-1 restriction.


    Organizational Affiliation

    1] School of Life Sciences, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China [2].




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Deoxynucleoside triphosphate triphosphohydrolase SAMHD1
A, B
539Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: SAMHD1 (MOP5)
EC: 3.1.5.-
Find proteins for Q9Y3Z3 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: SAMHD1
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9Y3Z3
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
DTP
Query on DTP

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Download CCD File 
B
2'-DEOXYADENOSINE 5'-TRIPHOSPHATE
C10 H16 N5 O12 P3
SUYVUBYJARFZHO-RRKCRQDMSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

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Download CCD File 
A, B
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

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Download CCD File 
A, B
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
DGT
Query on DGT

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Download CCD File 
A, B
2'-DEOXYGUANOSINE-5'-TRIPHOSPHATE
C10 H16 N5 O13 P3
HAAZLUGHYHWQIW-KVQBGUIXSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.226 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 147.404α = 90.00
b = 103.608β = 121.98
c = 92.134γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data scaling
HKL-2000data collection
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
PHASESphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2013-11-20
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-12-18
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2017-03-29
    Type: Refinement description