4MG3

Crystal Structural Analysis of 2A Protease from Coxsackievirus A16


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.203 
  • R-Value Work: 0.173 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.175 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

An open conformation determined by a structural switch for 2A protease from coxsackievirus A16.

Sun, Y.Wang, X.Yuan, S.Dang, M.Li, X.Zhang, X.C.Rao, Z.

(2013) Protein Cell 4: 782-792

  • DOI: 10.1007/s13238-013-3914-z
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4MG3

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Coxsackievirus A16 belongs to the family Picornaviridae, and is a major agent of hand-foot-and-mouth disease that infects mostly children, and to date no vaccines or antiviral therapies are available. 2A protease of enterovirus is a nonstructural protein and possesses both self-cleavage activity and the ability to cleave the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4G ...

    Coxsackievirus A16 belongs to the family Picornaviridae, and is a major agent of hand-foot-and-mouth disease that infects mostly children, and to date no vaccines or antiviral therapies are available. 2A protease of enterovirus is a nonstructural protein and possesses both self-cleavage activity and the ability to cleave the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4G. Here we present the crystal structure of coxsackievirus A16 2A protease, which interestingly forms hexamers in crystal as well as in solution. This structure shows an open conformation, with its active site accessible, ready for substrate binding and cleavage activity. In conjunction with a previously reported "closed" state structure of human rhinovirus 2, we were able to develop a detailed hypothesis for the conformational conversion triggered by two "switcher" residues Glu88 and Tyr89 located within the bll2-cII loop. Substrate recognition assays revealed that amino acid residues P1', P2 and P4 are essential for substrate specificity, which was verified by our substrate binding model. In addition, we compared the in vitro cleavage efficiency of 2A proteases from coxsackievirus A16 and enterovirus 71 upon the same substrates by fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET), and observed higher protease activity of enterovirus 71 compared to that of coxsackievirus A16. In conclusion, our study shows an open conformation of coxsackievirus A16 2A protease and the underlying mechanisms for conformational conversion and substrate specificity. These new insights should facilitate the future rational design of efficient 2A protease inhibitors.


    Organizational Affiliation

    National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Protease 2AA, B145Coxsackievirus A16 (strain Tainan/5079/98)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: 2A
EC: 3.4.22.29 (PDB Primary Data), 3.6.1.15 (UniProt), 3.4.22.28 (UniProt), 2.7.7.48 (UniProt)
UniProt
Find proteins for Q9QF31 (Coxsackievirus A16 (strain Tainan/5079/98))
Explore Q9QF31 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9QF31
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
1PE
Query on 1PE

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D [auth A]PENTAETHYLENE GLYCOL
C10 H22 O6
JLFNLZLINWHATN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
TRS
Query on TRS

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
E [auth A]2-AMINO-2-HYDROXYMETHYL-PROPANE-1,3-DIOL
C4 H12 N O3
LENZDBCJOHFCAS-UHFFFAOYSA-O
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A], F [auth B]ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.203 
  • R-Value Work: 0.173 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.175 
  • Space Group: H 3 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 101.271α = 90
b = 101.271β = 90
c = 193.914γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
PHASERphasing
DMphasing
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
HKL-2000data collection
DENZOdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2014-03-26
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-11-15
    Changes: Refinement description