4MCM

Human SOD1 C57S Mutant, As-isolated


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.262 
  • R-Value Work: 0.210 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Insights into the role of the unusual disulfide bond in copper-zinc superoxide dismutase.

Sea, K.Sohn, S.H.Durazo, A.Sheng, Y.Shaw, B.F.Cao, X.Taylor, A.B.Whitson, L.J.Holloway, S.P.Hart, P.J.Cabelli, D.E.Gralla, E.B.Valentine, J.S.

(2015) J.Biol.Chem. 290: 2405-2418

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M114.588798
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  4MCN

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The functional and structural significance of the intrasubunit disulfide bond in copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1) was studied by characterizing mutant forms of human SOD1 (hSOD) and yeast SOD1 lacking the disulfide bond. We determined x-ray cr ...

    The functional and structural significance of the intrasubunit disulfide bond in copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1) was studied by characterizing mutant forms of human SOD1 (hSOD) and yeast SOD1 lacking the disulfide bond. We determined x-ray crystal structures of metal-bound and metal-deficient hC57S SOD1. C57S hSOD1 isolated from yeast contained four zinc ions per protein dimer and was structurally very similar to wild type. The addition of copper to this four-zinc protein gave properly reconstituted 2Cu,2Zn C57S hSOD, and its spectroscopic properties indicated that the coordination geometry of the copper was remarkably similar to that of holo wild type hSOD1. In contrast, the addition of copper and zinc ions to apo C57S human SOD1 failed to give proper reconstitution. Using pulse radiolysis, we determined SOD activities of yeast and human SOD1s lacking disulfide bonds and found that they were enzymatically active at ∼10% of the wild type rate. These results are contrary to earlier reports that the intrasubunit disulfide bonds in SOD1 are essential for SOD activity. Kinetic studies revealed further that the yeast mutant SOD1 had less ionic attraction for superoxide, possibly explaining the lower rates. Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells lacking the sod1 gene do not grow aerobically in the absence of lysine, but expression of C57S SOD1 increased growth to 30-50% of the growth of cells expressing wild type SOD1, supporting that C57S SOD1 retained a significant amount of activity.


    Organizational Affiliation

    From the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, the Department of Wine Studies, Santa Rosa Junior College, Santa Rosa, California 95401, kevinsea@yahoo.com.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Superoxide dismutase [Cu-Zn]
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L
153Homo sapiensGene Names: SOD1
EC: 1.15.1.1
Find proteins for P00441 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: SOD1
Go to UniProtKB:  P00441
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ZN
Query on ZN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.262 
  • R-Value Work: 0.210 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 74.530α = 90.00
b = 163.883β = 90.00
c = 174.140γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data reduction
MOLREPphasing
HKL-2000data scaling
PHENIXrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2014-08-27
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-12-24
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2015-02-11
    Type: Database references