4MA8

Crystal structure of mouse prion protein complexed with Chlorpromazine


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.236 
  • R-Value Work: 0.195 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural basis of prion inhibition by phenothiazine compounds.

Baral, P.K.Swayampakula, M.Rout, M.K.Kav, N.N.Spyracopoulos, L.Aguzzi, A.James, M.N.

(2014) Structure 22: 291-303

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.str.2013.11.009
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Conformational transitions of the cellular form of the prion protein, PrP(C), into an infectious isoform, PrP(Sc), are considered to be central events in the progression of fatal neurodegenerative diseases known as transmissible spongiform encephalop ...

    Conformational transitions of the cellular form of the prion protein, PrP(C), into an infectious isoform, PrP(Sc), are considered to be central events in the progression of fatal neurodegenerative diseases known as transmissible spongiform encephalopathies. Tricyclic phenothiazine compounds exhibit antiprion activity; however, the underlying molecular mechanism of PrP(Sc) inhibition remains elusive. We report the molecular structures of two phenothiazine compounds, promazine and chlorpromazine bound to a binding pocket formed at the intersection of the structured and the unstructured domains of the mouse prion protein. Promazine binding induces structural rearrangement of the unstructured region proximal to β1, through the formation of a "hydrophobic anchor." We demonstrate that these molecules, promazine in particular, allosterically stabilize the misfolding initiator-motifs such as the C terminus of α2, the α2-α3 loop, as well as the polymorphic β2-α2 loop. Hence, the stabilization effects of the phenothiazine derivatives on initiator-motifs induce a PrP(C) isoform that potentially resists oligomerization.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2H7, Canada. Electronic address: michael.james@ualberta.ca.,Department of Pathology, Institute of Neuropathology, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich 8091, Switzerland.,Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2H7, Canada.,Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2P5, Canada.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Major prion protein
C
114Mus musculusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Prnp (Prn-p, Prp)
Find proteins for P04925 (Mus musculus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P04925
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
POM1 heavy chain
H
218N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
POM1 light chain
L
213N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
Z80
Query on Z80

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
C
3-(2-chloro-10H-phenothiazin-10-yl)-N,N-dimethylpropan-1-amine
C17 H19 Cl N2 S
ZPEIMTDSQAKGNT-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
Z80EC50: 2000 nM (90) BINDINGDB
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.236 
  • R-Value Work: 0.195 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 83.262α = 90.00
b = 106.883β = 95.32
c = 75.594γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOLREPphasing
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
REFMACrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2014-01-22
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-02-26
    Type: Database references