4LXW

L72V Epi-isozizaene synthase: Complex with Mg, inorganic pyrophosphate and benzyl triethyl ammonium cation


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.092 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.206 
  • R-Value Work: 0.173 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Reprogramming the Chemodiversity of Terpenoid Cyclization by Remolding the Active Site Contour of epi-Isozizaene Synthase.

Li, R.Chou, W.K.Himmelberger, J.A.Litwin, K.M.Harris, G.G.Cane, D.E.Christianson, D.W.

(2014) Biochemistry 53: 1155-1168

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi401643u
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The class I terpenoid cyclase epi-isozizaene synthase (EIZS) utilizes the universal achiral isoprenoid substrate, farnesyl diphosphate, to generate epi-isozizaene as the predominant sesquiterpene cyclization product and at least five minor sesquiterp ...

    The class I terpenoid cyclase epi-isozizaene synthase (EIZS) utilizes the universal achiral isoprenoid substrate, farnesyl diphosphate, to generate epi-isozizaene as the predominant sesquiterpene cyclization product and at least five minor sesquiterpene products, making EIZS an ideal platform for the exploration of fidelity and promiscuity in a terpenoid cyclization reaction. The hydrophobic active site contour of EIZS serves as a template that enforces a single substrate conformation, and chaperones subsequently formed carbocation intermediates through a well-defined mechanistic sequence. Here, we have used the crystal structure of EIZS as a guide to systematically remold the hydrophobic active site contour in a library of 26 site-specific mutants. Remolded cyclization templates reprogram the reaction cascade not only by reproportioning products generated by the wild-type enzyme but also by generating completely new products of diverse structure. Specifically, we have tripled the overall number of characterized products generated by EIZS. Moreover, we have converted EIZS into six different sesquiterpene synthases: F96A EIZS is an (E)-β-farnesene synthase, F96W EIZS is a zizaene synthase, F95H EIZS is a β-curcumene synthase, F95M EIZS is a β-acoradiene synthase, F198L EIZS is a β-cedrene synthase, and F96V EIZS and W203F EIZS are (Z)-γ-bisabolene synthases. Active site aromatic residues appear to be hot spots for reprogramming the cyclization cascade by manipulating the stability and conformation of critical carbocation intermediates. A majority of mutant enzymes exhibit only relatively modest 2-100-fold losses of catalytic activity, suggesting that residues responsible for triggering substrate ionization readily tolerate mutations deeper in the active site cavity.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Roy and Diana Vagelos Laboratories, Department of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania , Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104-6323, United States.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Epi-isozizaene synthase
A
382Streptomyces coelicolor (strain ATCC BAA-471 / A3(2) / M145)Mutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: cyc1
EC: 4.2.3.37
Find proteins for Q9K499 (Streptomyces coelicolor (strain ATCC BAA-471 / A3(2) / M145))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9K499
Small Molecules
Ligands 5 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
BTM
Query on BTM

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A
N-benzyl-N,N-diethylethanaminium
C13 H22 N
VBQDSLGFSUGBBE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
POP
Query on POP

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Download CCD File 
A
PYROPHOSPHATE 2-
H2 O7 P2
XPPKVPWEQAFLFU-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

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A
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

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A
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

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A
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.092 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.206 
  • R-Value Work: 0.173 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 52.977α = 90.00
b = 47.236β = 95.66
c = 75.084γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data reduction
PHENIXrefinement
CBASSdata collection
PHASESphasing
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2013-12-18
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-03-19
    Type: Database references