4LL4

The structure of the TRX and TXNIP complex


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.264 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.201 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report



Literature

The structural basis for the negative regulation of thioredoxin by thioredoxin-interacting protein

Hwang, J.Suh, H.W.Jeon, Y.H.Hwang, E.Nguyen, L.T.Yeom, J.Lee, S.G.Lee, C.Kim, K.J.Kang, B.S.Jeong, J.O.Oh, T.K.Choi, I.Lee, J.O.Kim, M.H.

(2014) Nat Commun 5: 2958-2958

  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms3958
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4GFX, 4LL1, 4LL4

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The redox-dependent inhibition of thioredoxin (TRX) by thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) plays a pivotal role in various cancers and metabolic syndromes. However, the molecular mechanism of this regulation is largely unknown. Here, we present t ...

    The redox-dependent inhibition of thioredoxin (TRX) by thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) plays a pivotal role in various cancers and metabolic syndromes. However, the molecular mechanism of this regulation is largely unknown. Here, we present the crystal structure of the TRX-TXNIP complex and demonstrate that the inhibition of TRX by TXNIP is mediated by an intermolecular disulphide interaction resulting from a novel disulphide bond-switching mechanism. Upon binding to TRX, TXNIP undergoes a structural rearrangement that involves switching of a head-to-tail interprotomer Cys63-Cys247 disulphide between TXNIP molecules to an interdomain Cys63-Cys190 disulphide, and the formation of a de novo intermolecular TXNIP Cys247-TRX Cys32 disulphide. This disulphide-switching event unexpectedly results in a domain arrangement of TXNIP that is entirely different from those of other arrestin family proteins. We further show that the intermolecular disulphide bond between TRX and TXNIP dissociates in the presence of high concentrations of reactive oxygen species. This study provides insight into TRX and TXNIP-dependent cellular regulation.


    Organizational Affiliation

    1] Infection and Immunity Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Daejeon 305-806, Korea [2] Biosystems and Bioengineering Program, University of Science and Technology, Daejeon 305-333, Korea.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Thioredoxin-interacting proteinAC315Homo sapiensMutation(s): 3 
Gene Names: TXNIPVDUP1
Find proteins for Q9H3M7 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q9H3M7 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9H3M7
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  Q9H3M7
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
ThioredoxinBD105Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: TRXTXNTRDXTRX1
Find proteins for P10599 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P10599 
Go to UniProtKB:  P10599
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P10599
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.264 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.201 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 79.826α = 90
b = 64.99β = 90.88
c = 88.416γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
MOLREPphasing
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2013-07-09 
  • Released Date: 2014-02-05 
  • Deposition Author(s): Hwang, J., Kim, M.H.

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2014-02-05
    Type: Initial release