4L1W

Crystal Structuer of Human 3-alpha Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase Type 3 in Complex with NADP+ and Progesterone


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.194 
  • R-Value Work: 0.146 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


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Literature

Human 3-alpha hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 3 (3 alpha-HSD3): The V54L mutation restricting the steroid alternative binding and enhancing the 20 alpha-HSD activity

Zhang, B.Zhu, D.-W.Hu, X.-J.Zhou, M.Shang, P.Lin, S.-X.

(2014) J.Steroid Biochem.Mol.Biol. 141: 135-143

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jsbmb.2014.01.003
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Human 3-alpha hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 3 (3α-HSD3) has an essential role in the inactivation of 5α-dihydrotestosterone (DHT). Notably, human 3α-HSD3 shares 97.8% sequence identity with human 20-alpha hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (20α-HSD) an ...

    Human 3-alpha hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 3 (3α-HSD3) has an essential role in the inactivation of 5α-dihydrotestosterone (DHT). Notably, human 3α-HSD3 shares 97.8% sequence identity with human 20-alpha hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (20α-HSD) and there is only one amino acid difference (residue 54) that is located in their steroid binding pockets. However, 20α-HSD displays a distinctive ability in transforming progesterone to 20α-hydroxy-progesterone (20α-OHProg). In this study, to understand the role of residue 54 in the steroid binding and discrimination, the V54L mutation in human 3α-HSD3 has been created. We have solved two crystal structures of the 3α-HSD3·NADP(+)·Progesterone complex and the 3α-HSD3 V54L·NADP(+)·progesterone complex. Interestingly, progesterone adopts two different binding modes to form complexes within the wild type enzyme, with one binding mode similar to the orientation of a bile acid (ursodeoxycholate) in the reported ternary complex of human 3α-HSD3·NADP(+)·ursodeoxycholate and the other binding mode resembling the orientation of 20α-OHProg in the ternary complex of human 20α-HSD·NADP(+)·20α-OHProg. However, the V54L mutation directly restricts the steroid binding modes to a unique one, which resembles the orientation of 20α-OHProg within human 20α-HSD. Furthermore, the kinetic study has been carried out. The results show that the V54L mutation significantly decreases the 3α-HSD activity for the reduction of DHT, while this mutation enhances the 20α-HSD activity to convert progesterone.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Laboratory of Molecular Endocrinology and Oncology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire (CHU) de Quebec Research Center (CHUL) and Laval University, Québec City, Québec G1V4G2, Canada; Key Laboratory for Space Bioscience & Biotechnology, Institute of Special Environmental Biophysics, School of Life Sciences, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072, PR China.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Aldo-keto reductase family 1 member C2
A, B
325Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: AKR1C2 (DDH2)
EC: 1.-.-.-
Find proteins for P52895 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: AKR1C2
Go to UniProtKB:  P52895
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
NAP
Query on NAP

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Download CCD File 
A, B
NADP NICOTINAMIDE-ADENINE-DINUCLEOTIDE PHOSPHATE
2'-MONOPHOSPHOADENOSINE 5'-DIPHOSPHORIBOSE
C21 H28 N7 O17 P3
XJLXINKUBYWONI-NNYOXOHSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
STR
Query on STR

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Download CCD File 
A, B
PROGESTERONE
C21 H30 O2
RJKFOVLPORLFTN-LEKSSAKUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.194 
  • R-Value Work: 0.146 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 52.800α = 90.00
b = 86.820β = 105.96
c = 76.490γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
PHASESphasing
REFMACrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2014-04-16
    Type: Initial release