4KTE

Fab fragment of HIV vaccine-elicited CD4bs-directed antibody, GE148, from non-human primate


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.194 
  • R-Value Work: 0.165 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.166 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report



Literature

Vaccine-elicited primate antibodies use a distinct approach to the HIV-1 primary receptor binding site informing vaccine redesign.

Tran, K.Poulsen, C.Guenaga, J.de Val Alda, N.Wilson, R.Sundling, C.Li, Y.Stanfield, R.L.Wilson, I.A.Ward, A.B.Karlsson Hedestam, G.B.Wyatt, R.T.

(2014) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 111: E738-E747

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1319512111
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • HIV-1 neutralization requires Ab accessibility to the functional envelope glycoprotein (Env) spike. We recently reported the isolation of previously unidentified vaccine-elicited, CD4 binding site (CD4bs)-directed mAbs from rhesus macaques immunized ...

    HIV-1 neutralization requires Ab accessibility to the functional envelope glycoprotein (Env) spike. We recently reported the isolation of previously unidentified vaccine-elicited, CD4 binding site (CD4bs)-directed mAbs from rhesus macaques immunized with soluble Env trimers, indicating that this region is immunogenic in the context of subunit vaccination. To elucidate the interaction of the trimer-elicited mAbs with gp120 and their insufficient interaction with the HIV-1 primary isolate spike, we crystallized the Fab fragments of two mAbs, GE136 and GE148. Alanine scanning of their complementarity-determining regions, coupled with epitope scanning of their epitopes on gp120, revealed putative contact residues at the Ab/gp120 interface. Docking of the GE136 and GE148 Fabs to gp120, coupled with EM reconstructions of these nonbroadly neutralizing mAbs (non-bNAbs) binding to gp120 monomers and EM modeling to well-ordered trimers, suggested Ab approach to the CD4bs by a vertical angle of access relative to the more lateral mode of interaction used by the CD4bs-directed bNAbs VRC01 and PGV04. Fitting the structures into the available cryo-EM native spike density indicated clashes between these two vaccine-elicited mAbs and the topside variable region spike cap, whereas the bNAbs duck under this quaternary shield to access the CD4bs effectively on primary HIV isolates. These results provide a structural basis for the limited neutralizing breadth observed by current vaccine-induced, CD4bs-directed Abs and highlight the need for better ordered trimer immunogens. The analysis presented here therefore provides valuable information to guide HIV-1 vaccine immunogen redesign.


    Organizational Affiliation

    International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center, Departments of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology and Immunology and Microbial Science, and Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology and Immunogen Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
GE148 Heavy Chain FabH235Macaca mulattaMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
GE148 Light Chain FabL221Macaca mulattaMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download CCD File 
H, L
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download CCD File 
H
GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
PCA
Query on PCA
HL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H7 N O3GLN
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.194 
  • R-Value Work: 0.165 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.166 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 42.71α = 90
b = 72.04β = 90
c = 175.74γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XSCALEdata scaling
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
Blu-Icedata collection
XDSdata reduction
Auto-Rickshawphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2014-02-05
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-03-19
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2017-11-15
    Changes: Refinement description
  • Version 2.0: 2019-12-25
    Changes: Derived calculations, Polymer sequence