4KJS

Structure of native YfkE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.05 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.262 
  • R-Value Work: 0.216 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal structure of Ca2+/H+ antiporter protein YfkE reveals the mechanisms of Ca2+ efflux and its pH regulation.

Wu, M.Tong, S.Waltersperger, S.Diederichs, K.Wang, M.Zheng, L.

(2013) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 110: 11367-11372

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1302515110
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Ca(2+) efflux by Ca(2+) cation antiporter (CaCA) proteins is important for maintenance of Ca(2+) homeostasis across the cell membrane. Recently, the monomeric structure of the prokaryotic Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX) antiporter NCX_Mj protein from Me ...

    Ca(2+) efflux by Ca(2+) cation antiporter (CaCA) proteins is important for maintenance of Ca(2+) homeostasis across the cell membrane. Recently, the monomeric structure of the prokaryotic Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX) antiporter NCX_Mj protein from Methanococcus jannaschii shows an outward-facing conformation suggesting a hypothesis of alternating substrate access for Ca(2+) efflux. To demonstrate conformational changes essential for the CaCA mechanism, we present the crystal structure of the Ca(2+)/H(+) antiporter protein YfkE from Bacillus subtilis at 3.1-Å resolution. YfkE forms a homotrimer, confirmed by disulfide crosslinking. The protonated state of YfkE exhibits an inward-facing conformation with a large hydrophilic cavity opening to the cytoplasm in each protomer and ending in the middle of the membrane at the Ca(2+)-binding site. A hydrophobic "seal" closes its periplasmic exit. Four conserved α-repeat helices assemble in an X-like conformation to form a Ca(2+)/H(+) exchange pathway. In the Ca(2+)-binding site, two essential glutamate residues exhibit different conformations compared with their counterparts in NCX_Mj, whereas several amino acid substitutions occlude the Na(+)-binding sites. The structural differences between the inward-facing YfkE and the outward-facing NCX_Mj suggest that the conformational transition is triggered by the rotation of the kink angles of transmembrane helices 2 and 7 and is mediated by large conformational changes in their adjacent transmembrane helices 1 and 6. Our structural and mutational analyses not only establish structural bases for mechanisms of Ca(2+)/H(+) exchange and its pH regulation but also shed light on the evolutionary adaptation to different energy modes in the CaCA protein family.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Center for Membrane Biology, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Texas Houston Medical School, Houston, TX 77030, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
cation exchanger YfkE
A, B
351Bacillus subtilis (strain 168)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: chaA (yfkE)
Membrane protein
mpstruct
Group: 
TRANSMEMBRANE PROTEINS: ALPHA-HELICAL
Sub Group: 
Ca2+:Cation Antiporter (CaCA) Family
Protein: 
YfkE Ca2+/H+ (CaX) antiporter
Find proteins for O34840 (Bacillus subtilis (strain 168))
Go to UniProtKB:  O34840
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.05 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.262 
  • R-Value Work: 0.216 
  • Space Group: H 3
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 168.505α = 90.00
b = 168.505β = 90.00
c = 94.169γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XDSdata scaling
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
XDSdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2013-06-26
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-08-07
    Type: Database references