Structure and function of allophanate hydrolase.Fan, C., Li, Z., Yin, H., Xiang, S.
(2013) J.Biol.Chem. 288: 21422-21432
- PubMed: 23754281
- DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M113.453837
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Allophanate hydrolase converts allophanate to ammonium and carbon dioxide. It is conserved in many organisms and is essential for their utilization of urea as a nitrogen source. It also has important functions in a newly discovered eukaryotic pyrimid ...
Allophanate hydrolase converts allophanate to ammonium and carbon dioxide. It is conserved in many organisms and is essential for their utilization of urea as a nitrogen source. It also has important functions in a newly discovered eukaryotic pyrimidine nucleic acid precursor degradation pathway, the yeast-hypha transition that several pathogens utilize to escape the host defense, and an s-triazine herbicide degradation pathway recently emerged in many soil bacteria. We have determined the crystal structure of the Kluyveromyces lactis allophanate hydrolase. Together with structure-directed functional studies, we demonstrate that its N and C domains catalyze a two-step reaction and contribute to maintaining a dimeric form of the enzyme required for their optimal activities. Our studies also provide molecular insights into their catalytic mechanism. Interestingly, we found that the C domain probably catalyzes a novel form of decarboxylation reaction that might expand the knowledge of this common reaction in biological systems.
Key Laboratory of Nutrition and Metabolism, Institute for Nutritional Sciences, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200031, China.