4IIJ

Crystal structure of tubulin-stathmin-TTL-apo complex


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.6 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.235 
  • R-Value Work: 0.197 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural basis of tubulin tyrosination by tubulin tyrosine ligase.

Prota, A.E.Magiera, M.M.Kuijpers, M.Bargsten, K.Frey, D.Wieser, M.Jaussi, R.Hoogenraad, C.C.Kammerer, R.A.Janke, C.Steinmetz, M.O.

(2013) J.Cell Biol. 200: 259-270

  • DOI: 10.1083/jcb.201211017
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
  • Also Cited By: 4I4T

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Tubulin tyrosine ligase (TTL) catalyzes the post-translational retyrosination of detyrosinated α-tubulin. Despite the indispensable role of TTL in cell and organism development, its molecular mechanism of action is poorly understood. By solving cryst ...

    Tubulin tyrosine ligase (TTL) catalyzes the post-translational retyrosination of detyrosinated α-tubulin. Despite the indispensable role of TTL in cell and organism development, its molecular mechanism of action is poorly understood. By solving crystal structures of TTL in complex with tubulin, we here demonstrate that TTL binds to the α and β subunits of tubulin and recognizes the curved conformation of the dimer. Biochemical and cellular assays revealed that specific tubulin dimer recognition controls the activity of the enzyme, and as a consequence, neuronal development. The TTL-tubulin structure further illustrates how the enzyme binds the functionally crucial C-terminal tail sequence of α-tubulin and how this interaction catalyzes the tyrosination reaction. It also reveals how TTL discriminates between α- and β-tubulin, and between different post-translationally modified forms of α-tubulin. Together, our data suggest that TTL has specifically evolved to recognize and modify tubulin, thus highlighting a fundamental role of the evolutionary conserved tubulin tyrosination cycle in regulating the microtubule cytoskeleton.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Biomolecular Research, Paul Scherrer Institut, CH-5232 Villigen PSI, Switzerland.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Tubulin alpha-1B chain
A, C
451Bos taurusMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for P81947 (Bos taurus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P81947
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Tubulin beta-2B chain
B, D
445Bos taurusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: TUBB2B
Find proteins for Q6B856 (Bos taurus)
Go to Gene View: TUBB2B
Go to UniProtKB:  Q6B856
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Stathmin-4
E
143Rattus norvegicusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Stmn4
Find proteins for P63043 (Rattus norvegicus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P63043
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Tubulin tyrosine ligase, TTL
F
384Gallus gallusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: TTL
Find proteins for E1BQ43 (Gallus gallus)
Go to Gene View: TTL
Go to UniProtKB:  E1BQ43
Small Molecules
Ligands 6 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GDP
Query on GDP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
B, D
GUANOSINE-5'-DIPHOSPHATE
C10 H15 N5 O11 P2
QGWNDRXFNXRZMB-UUOKFMHZSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GTP
Query on GTP

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Download CCD File 
A, C
GUANOSINE-5'-TRIPHOSPHATE
C10 H16 N5 O14 P3
XKMLYUALXHKNFT-UUOKFMHZSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

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Download CCD File 
A
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

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Download CCD File 
A, B, C
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

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Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, F
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MES
Query on MES

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Download CCD File 
B
2-(N-MORPHOLINO)-ETHANESULFONIC ACID
C6 H13 N O4 S
SXGZJKUKBWWHRA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.6 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.235 
  • R-Value Work: 0.197 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 103.530α = 90.00
b = 155.910β = 90.00
c = 181.020γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXmodel building
RemDAqdata collection
PHENIXphasing
XDSdata scaling
PHENIXrefinement
XDSdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2013-01-30
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-02-13
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2013-02-20
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2017-11-15
    Type: Refinement description