4IFU

Crystal structure of Treponema pallidum TP0796 Flavin trafficking protein, apo form


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.8334 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.217 
  • R-Value Work: 0.169 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

The TP0796 Lipoprotein of Treponema pallidum Is a Bimetal-dependent FAD Pyrophosphatase with a Potential Role in Flavin Homeostasis.

Deka, R.K.Brautigam, C.A.Liu, W.Z.Tomchick, D.R.Norgard, M.V.

(2013) J.Biol.Chem. 288: 11106-11121

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M113.449975
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  4IFW, 4IFX, 4IFZ, 4IG1

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Treponema pallidum, an obligate parasite of humans and the causative agent of syphilis, has evolved the capacity to exploit host-derived metabolites for its survival. Flavin-containing compounds are essential cofactors that are required for metabolic ...

    Treponema pallidum, an obligate parasite of humans and the causative agent of syphilis, has evolved the capacity to exploit host-derived metabolites for its survival. Flavin-containing compounds are essential cofactors that are required for metabolic processes in all living organisms, and riboflavin is a direct precursor of the cofactors FMN and FAD. Unlike many pathogenic bacteria, Treponema pallidum cannot synthesize riboflavin; we recently described a flavin-uptake mechanism composed of an ABC-type transporter. However, there is a paucity of information about flavin utilization in bacterial periplasms. Using a discovery-driven approach, we have identified the TP0796 lipoprotein as a previously uncharacterized Mg(2+)-dependent FAD pyrophosphatase within the ApbE superfamily. TP0796 probably plays a central role in flavin turnover by hydrolyzing exogenously acquired FAD, yielding AMP and FMN. Biochemical and structural investigations revealed that the enzyme has a unique bimetal Mg(2+) catalytic center. Furthermore, the pyrophosphatase activity is product-inhibited by AMP, indicating a possible role for this molecule in modulating FMN and FAD levels in the treponemal periplasm. The ApbE superfamily was previously thought to be involved in thiamine biosynthesis, but our characterization of TP0796 prompts a renaming of this superfamily as a periplasmic flavin-trafficking protein (Ftp). TP0796 is the first structurally and biochemically characterized FAD pyrophosphate enzyme in bacteria. This new paradigm for a bacterial flavin utilization pathway may prove to be useful for future inhibitor design.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Microbiology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75390, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Thiamine biosynthesis lipoprotein ApbE
A
340Treponema pallidum (strain Nichols)Gene Names: apbE
EC: 2.7.1.180
Find proteins for O83774 (Treponema pallidum (strain Nichols))
Go to UniProtKB:  O83774
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MG
Query on MG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.8334 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.217 
  • R-Value Work: 0.169 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 117.587α = 90.00
b = 47.282β = 102.04
c = 57.593γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
PHASERphasing
HKL-3000data collection
HKL-3000data reduction
PHENIXrefinement
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2013-02-27
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-03-06
    Type: Structure summary
  • Version 1.2: 2013-03-13
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2013-05-08
    Type: Database references