4I5G

Crystal structure of Ralstonia sp. alcohol dehydrogenase mutant N15G, G37D, R38V, R39S, A86N, S88A


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.272 
  • R-Value Work: 0.220 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.223 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystallographic analysis and structure-guided engineering of NADPH-dependent Ralstonia sp. Alcohol dehydrogenase toward NADH cosubstrate specificity.

Lerchner, A.Jarasch, A.Meining, W.Schiefner, A.Skerra, A.

(2013) Biotechnol Bioeng 110: 2803-2814

  • DOI: 10.1002/bit.24956
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4I5D, 4I5E, 4I5F, 4I5G

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The NADP⁺-dependent alcohol dehydrogenase from Ralstonia sp. (RasADH) belongs to the protein superfamily of short-chain dehydrogenases/reductases (SDRs). As an enzyme that accepts different types of substrates--including bulky-bulky as well as small- ...

    The NADP⁺-dependent alcohol dehydrogenase from Ralstonia sp. (RasADH) belongs to the protein superfamily of short-chain dehydrogenases/reductases (SDRs). As an enzyme that accepts different types of substrates--including bulky-bulky as well as small-bulky secondary alcohols or ketones--with high stereoselectivity, it offers potential as a biocatalyst for industrial biotechnology. To understand substrate and cosubstrate specificities of RasADH we determined the crystal structure of the apo-enzyme as well as its NADP⁺-bound state with resolutions down to 2.8 Å. RasADH displays a homotetrameric quaternary structure that can be described as a dimer of homodimers while in each subunit a seven-stranded parallel β-sheet, flanked by three α-helices on each side, forms a Rossmann fold-type dinucleotide binding domain. Docking of the well-known substrate (S)-1-phenylethanol clearly revealed the structural determinants of stereospecificity. To favor practical RasADH application in the context of established cofactor recycling systems, for example, those involving an NADH-dependent amino acid dehydrogenase, we attempted to rationally change its cosubstrate specificity from NADP⁺ to NAD⁺ utilizing the structural information that NADP⁺ specificity is largely governed by the residues Asn15, Gly37, Arg38, and Arg39. Furthermore, an extensive sequence alignment with homologous dehydrogenases that have different cosubstrate specificities revealed a modified general SDR motif ASNG (instead of NNAG) at positions 86-89 of RasADH. Consequently, we constructed mutant enzymes with one (G37D), four (N15G/G37D/R38V/R39S), and six (N15G/G37D/R38V/R39S/A86N/S88A) amino acid exchanges. RasADH (N15G/G37D/R38V/R39S) was better able to accept NAD⁺ while showing much reduced catalytic efficiency with NADP⁺, leading to a change in NADH/NADPH specificity by a factor of ∼3.6 million.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Munich Center for Integrated Protein Science, CIPS-M, and Lehrstuhl für Biologische Chemie, Technische Universität München, 85350, Freising-Weihenstephan, Germany.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Alclohol dehydrogenase/short-chain dehydrogenaseABCDEFGH262Ralstonia sp. DSMZ 6428Mutation(s): 6 
Gene Names: RasADH
Find proteins for C0IR58 (Ralstonia sp. DSMZ 6428)
Explore C0IR58 
Go to UniProtKB:  C0IR58
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.272 
  • R-Value Work: 0.220 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.223 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 79.467α = 90
b = 122.136β = 94.32
c = 133.543γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XSCALEdata scaling
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
MAR345dtbdata collection
XDSdata reduction
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2013-06-12
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-10-09
    Changes: Database references