4H6U

Tubulin acetyltransferase mutant


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.4482 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.248 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal structures of tubulin acetyltransferase reveal a conserved catalytic core and the plasticity of the essential N terminus.

Kormendi, V.Szyk, A.Piszczek, G.Roll-Mecak, A.

(2012) J.Biol.Chem. 287: 41569-41575

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.C112.421222
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Tubulin acetyltransferase (TAT) acetylates Lys-40 of α-tubulin in the microtubule lumen. TAT is inefficient, and its activity is enhanced when tubulin is incorporated in microtubules. Acetylation is associated with stable microtubules and regulates t ...

    Tubulin acetyltransferase (TAT) acetylates Lys-40 of α-tubulin in the microtubule lumen. TAT is inefficient, and its activity is enhanced when tubulin is incorporated in microtubules. Acetylation is associated with stable microtubules and regulates the binding of microtubule motors and associated proteins. TAT is important in neuronal polarity and mechanosensation, and decreased tubulin acetylation levels are associated with axonal transport defects and neurodegeneration. We present the first structure of TAT in complex with acetyl-CoA (Ac-CoA) at 2.7 Å resolution. The structure reveals a conserved stable catalytic core shared with other GCN5 superfamily acetyltransferases consisting of a central β-sheet flanked by α-helices and a C-terminal β-hairpin unique to TAT. Structure-guided mutagenesis establishes the molecular determinants for Ac-CoA and tubulin substrate recognition. The wild-type TAT construct is a monomer in solution. We identify a metastable interface between the conserved core and N-terminal domain that modulates the oligomerization of TAT in solution and is essential for activity. The 2.45 Å resolution structure of an inactive TAT construct with an active site point mutation near this interface reveals a domain-swapped dimer in which the functionally essential N terminus shows evidence of marked structural plasticity. The sequence segment corresponding to this structurally plastic region in TAT has been implicated in substrate recognition in other GCN5 superfamily acetyltransferases. Our structures provide a rational platform for the mechanistic dissection of TAT activity and the design of TAT inhibitors with therapeutic potential in neuronal regeneration.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Cell Biology and Biophysics Unit, NINDS, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Alpha-tubulin N-acetyltransferase
A, B
200Danio rerioMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: atat1 (mec17)
EC: 2.3.1.108
Find proteins for Q6PH17 (Danio rerio)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q6PH17
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
K
Query on K

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
POTASSIUM ION
K
NPYPAHLBTDXSSS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PO4
Query on PO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
PHOSPHATE ION
O4 P
NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
ACO
Query on ACO

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
ACETYL COENZYME *A
C23 H38 N7 O17 P3 S
ZSLZBFCDCINBPY-ZSJPKINUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.4482 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.248 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 
  • Space Group: P 43 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 58.128α = 90.00
b = 58.128β = 90.00
c = 225.070γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
ADSCdata collection
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data scaling
PHASERphasing
HKL-2000data reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-11-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2012-11-14
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2012-12-26
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2015-07-22
    Type: Structure summary