4GQS

Structure of Human Microsomal Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.87 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.296 
  • R-Value Work: 0.250 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.250 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural Characterization of Human Cytochrome P450 2C19: ACTIVE SITE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN P450s 2C8, 2C9, AND 2C19.

Reynald, R.L.Sansen, S.Stout, C.D.Johnson, E.F.

(2012) J Biol Chem 287: 44581-44591

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M112.424895
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4GQS

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • To identify the structural features underlying the distinct substrate and inhibitor profiles of P450 2C19 relative to the closely related human enzymes, P450s 2C8 and 2C9, the atomic structure (Protein Data Bank code 4GQS) of cytochrome P450 2C19 complexed with the inhibitor (2-methyl-1-benzofuran-3-yl)-(4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethylphenyl)methanone (Protein Data Bank chemical component 0XV) was determined to 2 ...

    To identify the structural features underlying the distinct substrate and inhibitor profiles of P450 2C19 relative to the closely related human enzymes, P450s 2C8 and 2C9, the atomic structure (Protein Data Bank code 4GQS) of cytochrome P450 2C19 complexed with the inhibitor (2-methyl-1-benzofuran-3-yl)-(4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethylphenyl)methanone (Protein Data Bank chemical component 0XV) was determined to 2.87 Å resolution by x-ray crystallography. The conformation of the peptide backbone of P450 2C19 is most similar to that of P450 2C8, but the substrate-binding cavity of P450 2C8 is much larger than that of P450 2C19 due to differences in the amino acid residues that form the substrate-binding cavities of the two enzymes. In contrast, the substrate-binding cavity of P450 2C19 is much more similar in size to that of the structure of the P450 2C9 flurbiprofen complex than to that of a modified P450 2C9 or that of P450 2C8. The cavities of the P450 2C19 0XV complex and the P450 2C9 flurbiprofen complex differ, however, because the helix B-C loops of the two enzymes are dissimilar. These conformational differences reflect the effects of adjacent structural elements that interact with the B-C loops and that differ between the two enzymes. The availability of a structure for 2C19 will facilitate computational approaches for predictions of substrate and inhibitor binding to this enzyme.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular and Experimental Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California 92037, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Cytochrome P450 2C19 ABCD477Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: CYP2C19
EC: 1.14.13 (PDB Primary Data), 1.14.13.80 (PDB Primary Data), 1.14.13.48 (PDB Primary Data), 1.14.13.49 (PDB Primary Data), 1.14.14.1 (UniProt), 1.14.14.53 (UniProt), 1.14.14.51 (UniProt), 1.14.14.52 (UniProt), 1.14.14.75 (UniProt)
Find proteins for P33261 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P33261 
Go to UniProtKB:  P33261
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P33261
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.87 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.296 
  • R-Value Work: 0.250 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.250 
  • Space Group: H 3 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 159.189α = 90
b = 159.189β = 90
c = 450.027γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHASERphasing
CNSrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2012-11-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-01-16
    Changes: Database references