4GPQ

Structural insights into inhibition of the bivalent menin-MLL interaction by small molecules in leukemia


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.46 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.176 
  • R-Value Work: 0.145 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural insights into inhibition of the bivalent menin-MLL interaction by small molecules in leukemia.

Shi, A.Murai, M.J.He, S.Lund, G.Hartley, T.Purohit, T.Reddy, G.Chruszcz, M.Grembecka, J.Cierpicki, T.

(2012) Blood 120: 4461-4469

  • DOI: 10.1182/blood-2012-05-429274
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Menin functions as a critical oncogenic cofactor of mixed lineage leukemia (MLL) fusion proteins in the development of acute leukemias, and inhibition of the menin interaction with MLL fusion proteins represents a very promising strategy to reverse t ...

    Menin functions as a critical oncogenic cofactor of mixed lineage leukemia (MLL) fusion proteins in the development of acute leukemias, and inhibition of the menin interaction with MLL fusion proteins represents a very promising strategy to reverse their oncogenic activity. MLL interacts with menin in a bivalent mode involving 2 N-terminal fragments of MLL. In the present study, we reveal the first high-resolution crystal structure of human menin in complex with a small-molecule inhibitor of the menin-MLL interaction, MI-2. The structure shows that the compound binds to the MLL pocket in menin and mimics the key interactions of MLL with menin. Based on the menin-MI-2 structure, we developed MI-2-2, a compound that binds to menin with low nanomolar affinity (K(d) = 22nM) and very effectively disrupts the bivalent protein-protein interaction between menin and MLL. MI-2-2 demonstrated specific and very pronounced activity in MLL leukemia cells, including inhibition of cell proliferation, down-regulation of Hoxa9 expression, and differentiation. Our results provide the rational and essential structural basis to design next generation of inhibitors for effective targeting of the menin-MLL interaction in leukemia and demonstrate a proof of concept that inhibition of complex multivalent protein-protein interactions can be achieved by a small-molecule inhibitor.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Pathology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Menin
A
489Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: MEN1 (SCG2)
Find proteins for O00255 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: MEN1
Go to UniProtKB:  O00255
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
EPE
Query on EPE

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
4-(2-HYDROXYETHYL)-1-PIPERAZINE ETHANESULFONIC ACID
HEPES
C8 H18 N2 O4 S
JKMHFZQWWAIEOD-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PG4
Query on PG4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
TETRAETHYLENE GLYCOL
C8 H18 O5
UWHCKJMYHZGTIT-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PEG
Query on PEG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
DI(HYDROXYETHYL)ETHER
C4 H10 O3
MTHSVFCYNBDYFN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.46 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.176 
  • R-Value Work: 0.145 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 48.812α = 90.00
b = 80.178β = 90.00
c = 124.686γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-09-19
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-01-02
    Type: Database references