4FPD

Deprotonation of D96 in bacteriorhodopsin opens the proton uptake pathway


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.65 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.240 
  • R-Value Work: 0.223 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.243 

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Deprotonation of d96 in bacteriorhodopsin opens the proton uptake pathway.

Wang, T.Sessions, A.O.Lunde, C.S.Rouhani, S.Glaeser, R.M.Duan, Y.Facciotti, M.T.

(2013) Structure 21: 290-297

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.str.2012.12.018
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4FPD

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Despite extensive investigation, the precise mechanism controlling the opening of the cytoplasmic proton uptake pathway in bacteriorhodopsin (bR) has remained a mystery. From an analysis of the X-ray structure of the D96G/F171C/F219L triple mutant of bR and 60 independent molecular dynamics simulations of bR photointermediates, we report that the deprotonation of D96, a key residue in proton transfer reactions, serves two roles that occur sequentially ...

    Despite extensive investigation, the precise mechanism controlling the opening of the cytoplasmic proton uptake pathway in bacteriorhodopsin (bR) has remained a mystery. From an analysis of the X-ray structure of the D96G/F171C/F219L triple mutant of bR and 60 independent molecular dynamics simulations of bR photointermediates, we report that the deprotonation of D96, a key residue in proton transfer reactions, serves two roles that occur sequentially. First, D96 donates a proton to the Schiff base. Subsequently, the deprotonation of D96 serves to "unlatch" the cytoplasmic side. The latching function of D96 appears to be remarkably robust, functioning to open hydration channels in all photointermediate structures. These results suggest that the protonation state of D96 may be the critical biophysical cue controlling the opening and closing of the cytoplasmic half-channel in bR. We suspect that this protonation-switch mechanism could also be utilized in other proton pumps to minimize backflow and reinforce directionality.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Genome Center and Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of California at Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
BacteriorhodopsinA262Halobacterium salinarum NRC-1Mutation(s): 3 
Gene Names: bopVNG_1467G
Membrane Entity: Yes 
UniProt
Find proteins for P02945 (Halobacterium salinarum (strain ATCC 700922 / JCM 11081 / NRC-1))
Explore P02945 
Go to UniProtKB:  P02945
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP02945
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
LI1
Query on LI1

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D [auth A],
E [auth A],
F [auth A],
G [auth A],
H [auth A],
D [auth A],
E [auth A],
F [auth A],
G [auth A],
H [auth A],
I [auth A],
J [auth A],
K [auth A]
1-[2,6,10.14-TETRAMETHYL-HEXADECAN-16-YL]-2-[2,10,14-TRIMETHYLHEXADECAN-16-YL]GLYCEROL
C42 H86 O3
YERVUJAKCNBGCR-BIHSMRAKSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
RET
Query on RET

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B [auth A]RETINAL
C20 H28 O
NCYCYZXNIZJOKI-OVSJKPMPSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A]CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.65 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.240 
  • R-Value Work: 0.223 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.243 
  • Space Group: P 63
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 60.931α = 90
b = 60.931β = 90
c = 107.701γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
ADSCdata collection
CNSrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2013-02-27
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2018-08-29
    Changes: Data collection, Source and taxonomy, Structure summary