4FO6

Crystal structure of the pre-catalytic ternary complex of polymerase lambda with a dATP analog opposite a templating T and an rCMP at the primer terminus.


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.007 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.231 
  • R-Value Work: 0.190 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.0 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

The catalytic cycle for ribonucleotide incorporation by human DNA Pol lambda

Gosavi, R.A.Moon, A.F.Kunkel, T.A.Pedersen, L.C.Bebenek, K.

(2012) Nucleic Acids Res. 40: 1-10

  • DOI: 10.1093/nar/gks413
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Although most DNA polymerases discriminate against ribonucleotide triphosphaets (rNTPs) during DNA synthesis, recent studies have shown that large numbers of ribonucleotides are incorporated into the eukaryotic nuclear genome. Here, we investigate ho ...

    Although most DNA polymerases discriminate against ribonucleotide triphosphaets (rNTPs) during DNA synthesis, recent studies have shown that large numbers of ribonucleotides are incorporated into the eukaryotic nuclear genome. Here, we investigate how a DNA polymerase can stably incorporate an rNTP. The X-ray crystal structure of a variant of human DNA polymerase λ reveals that the rNTP occupies the nucleotide binding pocket without distortion of the active site, despite an unfavorable interaction between the 2'-O and Tyr505 backbone carbonyl. This indicates an energetically unstable binding state for the rNTP, stabilized by additional protein-nucleotide interactions. Supporting this idea is the 200-fold lower catalytic efficiency for rNTP relative to deoxyribonucleotide triphosphate (dNTP) incorporation, reflecting a higher apparent Km value for the rNTP. Furthermore, distortion observed in the structure of the post-catalytic product complex suggests that once the bond between the α- and β-phosphates of the rNTP is broken, the unfavorable binding state of the ribonucleotide cannot be maintained. Finally, structural and biochemical evaluation of dNTP insertion onto an ribonucleotide monophosphate (rNMP)-terminated primer indicates that a primer-terminal rNMP does not impede extension. The results are relevant to how ribonucleotides are incorporated into DNA in vivo, during replication and during repair, perhaps especially in non-proliferating cells when rNTP:dNTP ratios are high.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Laboratory of Structural Biology, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Research Triangle Park, NC, 27709, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure


Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA polymerase lambda
A
329Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: POLL
EC: 2.7.7.7, 4.2.99.-
Find proteins for Q9UGP5 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: POLL
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9UGP5
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
5'-D(*CP*GP*GP*CP*TP*GP*TP*AP*CP*TP*G)-3'T11N/A
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
5'-D(*CP*AP*GP*TP*AP)-R(P*C)-3'P6N/A
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
5'-D(P*GP*CP*CP*G)-3'D4N/A
Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
5'-D(P*TP*AP*CP*TP*G)-3'H5N/A
Entity ID: 6
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
5'-D(P*CP*AP*GP*TP*A)-3'I5N/A
Small Molecules
Ligands 5 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MN
Query on MN

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A
MANGANESE (II) ION
Mn
WAEMQWOKJMHJLA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NA
Query on NA

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A
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

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A
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

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A
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
F2A
Query on F2A

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A
2'-deoxy-5'-O-[(S)-hydroxy{[(S)-hydroxy(phosphonooxy)phosphoryl]methyl}phosphoryl]adenosine
C11 H18 N5 O11 P3
XETARULVTCYJAN-XLPZGREQSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.007 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.231 
  • R-Value Work: 0.190 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 55.780α = 90.00
b = 63.655β = 90.00
c = 141.470γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data scaling
HKL-2000data reduction
PHENIXphasing
PHENIXmodel building
HKL-2000data collection

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-07-11
    Type: Initial release