4FN4

short-chain NAD(H)-dependent dehydrogenase/reductase from Sulfolobus acidocaldarius


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.75 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.191 
  • R-Value Work: 0.168 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Biochemical and structural characterization of recombinant short-chain NAD(H)-dependent dehydrogenase/reductase from Sulfolobus acidocaldarius highly enantioselective on diaryl diketone benzil.

Pennacchio, A.Sannino, V.Sorrentino, G.Rossi, M.Raia, C.A.Esposito, L.

(2013) Appl.Microbiol.Biotechnol. 97: 3949-3964

  • DOI: 10.1007/s00253-012-4273-z

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The gene encoding a novel alcohol dehydrogenase that belongs to the short-chain dehydrogenases/reductases superfamily was identified in the aerobic thermoacidophilic crenarchaeon Sulfolobus acidocaldarius strain DSM 639. The saadh2 gene was heterolog ...

    The gene encoding a novel alcohol dehydrogenase that belongs to the short-chain dehydrogenases/reductases superfamily was identified in the aerobic thermoacidophilic crenarchaeon Sulfolobus acidocaldarius strain DSM 639. The saadh2 gene was heterologously overexpressed in Escherichia coli, and the resulting protein (SaADH2) was purified to homogeneity and both biochemically and structurally characterized. The crystal structure of the SaADH2 NADH-bound form reveals that the enzyme is a tetramer consisting of identical 27,024-Da subunits, each composed of 255 amino acids. The enzyme has remarkable thermophilicity and thermal stability, displaying activity at temperatures up to 80 °C and a 30-min half-inactivation temperature of ∼88 °C. It also shows good tolerance to common organic solvents and a strict requirement for NAD(H) as the coenzyme. SaADH2 displays a preference for the reduction of alicyclic, bicyclic and aromatic ketones and α-ketoesters, but is poorly active on aliphatic, cyclic and aromatic alcohols, showing no activity on aldehydes. Interestingly, the enzyme catalyses the asymmetric reduction of benzil to (R)-benzoin with both excellent conversion (98 %) and optical purity (98 %) by way of an efficient in situ NADH-recycling system involving a second thermophilic ADH. The crystal structure of the binary complex SaADH2-NADH, determined at 1.75 Å resolution, reveals details of the active site providing hints on the structural basis of the enzyme enantioselectivity.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Istituto di Biochimica delle Proteine, CNR, Via P. Castellino 111, 80131 Naples, Italy. a.pennacchio@ibp.cnr.it




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Short chain dehydrogenase
A, B, C, D
254Sulfolobus acidocaldarius (strain ATCC 33909 / DSM 639 / JCM 8929 / NBRC 15157 / NCIMB 11770)Mutation(s): 0 
EC: 1.-.-.-
Find proteins for Q4J9F2 (Sulfolobus acidocaldarius (strain ATCC 33909 / DSM 639 / JCM 8929 / NBRC 15157 / NCIMB 11770))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q4J9F2
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
C
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAD
Query on NAD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
NICOTINAMIDE-ADENINE-DINUCLEOTIDE
C21 H27 N7 O14 P2
BAWFJGJZGIEFAR-NNYOXOHSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.75 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.191 
  • R-Value Work: 0.168 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 83.800α = 90.00
b = 60.480β = 99.78
c = 107.080γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data reduction
CNSrefinement
CrystalCleardata collection
AMoREphasing
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-08-15
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-01-09
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2013-01-23
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2013-05-01
    Type: Database references