4F9U

Structure of glycosylated glutaminyl cyclase from Drosophila melanogaster


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.225 
  • R-Value Work: 0.170 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal Structures of Glutaminyl Cyclases (QCs) from Drosophila melanogaster Reveal Active Site Conservation between Insect and Mammalian QCs.

Koch, B.Kolenko, P.Buchholz, M.Ruiz Carrillo, D.Parthier, C.Wermann, M.Rahfeld, J.U.Reuter, G.Schilling, S.Stubbs, M.T.Demuth, H.U.

(2012) Biochemistry 51: 7383-7392

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi300687g
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Glutaminyl cyclases (QCs), which catalyze the formation of pyroglutamic acid (pGlu) at the N-terminus of a variety of peptides and proteins, have attracted particular attention for their potential role in Alzheimer's disease. In a transgenic Drosophi ...

    Glutaminyl cyclases (QCs), which catalyze the formation of pyroglutamic acid (pGlu) at the N-terminus of a variety of peptides and proteins, have attracted particular attention for their potential role in Alzheimer's disease. In a transgenic Drosophila melanogaster (Dm) fruit fly model, oral application of the potent competitive QC inhibitor PBD150 was shown to reduce the burden of pGlu-modified Aβ. In contrast to mammals such as humans and rodents, there are at least three DmQC species, one of which (isoDromeQC) is localized to mitochondria, whereas DromeQC and an isoDromeQC splice variant possess signal peptides for secretion. Here we present the recombinant expression, characterization, and crystal structure determination of mature DromeQC and isoDromeQC, revealing an overall fold similar to that of mammalian QCs. In the case of isoDromeQC, the putative extended substrate binding site might be affected by the proximity of the N-terminal residues. PBD150 inhibition of DromeQC is roughly 1 order of magnitude weaker than that of the human and murine QCs. The inhibitor binds to isoDromeQC in a fashion similar to that observed for human QCs, whereas it adopts alternative binding modes in a DromeQC variant lacking the conserved cysteines near the active center and shows a disordered dimethoxyphenyl moiety in wild-type DromeQC, providing an explanation for the lower affinity. Our biophysical and structural data suggest that isoDromeQC and human QC are similar with regard to functional aspects. The two Dm enzymes represent a suitable model for further in-depth analysis of the catalytic mechanism of animal QCs, and isoDromeQC might serve as a model system for the structure-based design of potential AD therapeutics.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Probiodrug AG, Weinbergweg 22, D-06120 Halle (Saale), Germany.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
CG32412
A, B
312Drosophila melanogasterMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: QC (CG10487, Dmel\CG32412, DromeQC)
EC: 2.3.2.5
Find proteins for Q9VRQ9 (Drosophila melanogaster)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9VRQ9
Small Molecules
Ligands 6 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ZN
Query on ZN

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A, B
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

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A
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MAN
Query on MAN

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B
ALPHA-D-MANNOSE
C6 H12 O6
WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-PQMKYFCFSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
BMA
Query on BMA

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B
BETA-D-MANNOSE
C6 H12 O6
WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-RWOPYEJCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PBD
Query on PBD

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A, B
1-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-3-[3-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)propyl]thiourea
C15 H20 N4 O2 S
FZQXMGLQANXZRP-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

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A, B
N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
PBDKi: 3139 nM BINDINGMOAD
PBDKi: 944 nM PDBBIND
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.225 
  • R-Value Work: 0.170 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 60.665α = 90.00
b = 56.964β = 108.16
c = 95.669γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XDSdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
MOLREPphasing
MxCuBEdata collection
REFMACrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-08-29
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2012-09-26
    Type: Database references