4EW1

High resolution structure of human glycinamide ribonucleotide transformylase in apo form.


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.522 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.193 
  • R-Value Work: 0.173 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Biological and Structural Evaluation of 10R- and 10S-Methylthio-DDACTHF Reveals a New Role for Sulfur in Inhibition of Glycinamide Ribonucleotide Transformylase.

Connelly, S.Demartino, J.K.Boger, D.L.Wilson, I.A.

(2013) Biochemistry 52: 5133-5144

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi4005182
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Glycinamide ribonucleotide transformylase (GAR Tfase) is a folate-dependent enzyme in the de novo purine biosynthesis pathway, which has long been considered a potential target for development of anti-neoplastic therapeutics. Here we report the biolo ...

    Glycinamide ribonucleotide transformylase (GAR Tfase) is a folate-dependent enzyme in the de novo purine biosynthesis pathway, which has long been considered a potential target for development of anti-neoplastic therapeutics. Here we report the biological and X-ray crystallographic evaluations of both independent C10 diastereomers, 10S- and 10R-methylthio-DDACTHF, bound to human GAR Tfase, including the highest-resolution apo GAR Tfase structure to date (1.52 Å). Both diastereomers are potent inhibitors (Ki = 210 nM for 10R, and Ki = 180 nM for 10S) of GAR Tfase and exhibit effective inhibition of human leukemia cell growth (IC₅₀ = 80 and 50 nM, respectively). Their inhibitory activity was surprisingly high, and these lipophilic C10-substituted analogues show distinct advantages over their hydrophilic counterparts, most strikingly in retaining potency in mutant human leukemia cell lines that lack reduced folate carrier protein activity (IC₅₀ = 70 and 60 nM, respectively). Structural characterization reveals a new binding mode for these diastereoisomers, in which the lipophilic thiomethyl groups penetrate deeper into a hydrophobic pocket within the folate-binding site. In silico docking simulations of three other sulfur-containing folate analogues also indicate that this hydrophobic cleft represents a favorable region for binding lipophilic substituents. Overall, these results suggest sulfur and its substitutions play an important role in not only the binding of anti-folates to GAR Tfase but also the selectivity and cellular activity (growth inhibition), thereby presenting new possibilities for the future design of potent and selective anti-folate drugs that target GAR Tfase.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037, United States.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Trifunctional purine biosynthetic protein adenosine-3
A
209Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: GART (PGFT, PRGS)
Find proteins for P22102 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: GART
Go to UniProtKB:  P22102
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PO4
Query on PO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
PHOSPHATE ION
O4 P
NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.522 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.193 
  • R-Value Work: 0.173 
  • Space Group: P 65 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 78.028α = 90.00
b = 78.028β = 90.00
c = 230.841γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
HKL-2000data collection
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2013-07-31
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-08-21
    Type: Database references